Anchusa officinalis - Unknown
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Details Top

Internal ID UUID6440091c33cf3069963511
Scientific name Anchusa officinalis
Authority L.
First published in Sp. Pl. : 133 (1753)

Description Top

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Anchusa officinalis, commonly known as the common bugloss or alkanet, is a plant species in the genus Anchusa. It is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia, and is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. It produces a great deal of nectar, making it a valuable source of food for pollinators, and was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project. The plant has blue flowers and is often found in gardens, meadows, and other open areas.

Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Anchusa angustifolia L. Sp. Pl. : 133 (1753)
Anchusa angustifolia DC. Fl. Franc. [de Candolle & Lamarck], ed. 3. 3: 632. 1805
Anchusa arvalis Rchb. Fl. Germ. Excurs. : 343 (1831)
Anchusa baumgartenii Nyman Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 510. 1881 [prob. Jul 1881]
Anchusa davidovii Stoj. Izv. Tsarsk. Prir. Inst. Sofiya 6: 210 (1933)
Anchusa incarnata Schrad. ex Steud. Nomencl. Bot. 1: 42 (1821)
Anchusa leptophylla W.D.J.Koch Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. , ed. 2: 573 (1844)
Anchusa lycopsidis Besser ex Link Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 166 (1821)
Anchusa macrocalyx Hausskn. Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5(3): 71 (1887)
Anchusa maculata Hornem. ex Steud. Nomencl. Bot. , ed. 2, 1: 85 (1840)
Anchusa microcalyx Vis. Flora 12: 8 (1829)
Anchusa ochroleuca Baumg. Fl. Transs. i. 120.
Anchusa ochroleuca subsp. procera (Besser ex Link) Nyman
Anchusa officinalis var. ochroleuca Boiss. Fl. Orient. 4: 152 1875
Anchusa officinalis var. velenovskyi Gușul. Bul. Fac. ?ti. Cern?uti 1: 103 1927
Anchusa osmanica Velen. Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag 1885: 32 (1885)
Anchusa pustulata Schur Enum. Pl. Transsilv. : 465 (1866)
Anchusa spicata Lam. Tabl. Encycl. 1: 402 (1792)
Anchusa tinctoria Woodv. Med. Bot. t. 92.
Anchusa velenovskyi (Gușul.) Stoj. Izv. Tsarsk. Prir. Inst. Sofiya 6: 211 (1933)
Anchusa velenovskyi var. stojanovii Kožuharov Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 9: 506 (1989)
Buglossum angustifolium Moench Methodus : 418 (1794)
Buglossum aspermum Gilib. Fl. Lit. Inch. i. 21. 1782
Buglossum officinale Lam. Fl. Franç. 2: 278 (1779)
Anchusa officinalis var. brachyantha Regel Index Seminum (LE) 1863: 32 1863

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English common bugloss
English alkanet
Spanish lengua de vaca
Spanish blugosa
Spanish lenguaza
Spanish argámula
Spanish anchusa procera
Spanish buglosa
Spanish buglosa oficinal
Spanish buglosa vulgar
Spanish chupa-mieles
Spanish lengua de buey salvaje
Spanish lengua de culebra
Spanish melera
Spanish argamala
Spanish lengua de buey
Spanish miel de avispas
Spanish raiz de fuego
Arabic لسان الثور المخزني
Azerbaijani dərman sümürgəni
Belarusian Пакрывец лекавы
Bulgarian лечебно винче
Czech pilát lékařský
Welsh llysiau'r-gwrid
Danish læge-oksetunge
German gewöhnliche ochsenzunge
German gemeine ochsenzunge
German gebräuchliche ochsenzunge
Estonian harilik imikas
Estonian imikas
Finnish rohtorasti
Finnish häränkieli
French buglosse officinale
Hawaiian kōanahi onanikian
Croatian runjava trava
Upper Sorbian wšědna pócćiwka
Hungarian orvosi atracél
Lithuanian paprastasis godas
Lithuanian vaistinis godas
Norwegian Bokmål oksetunge
Dutch gewone ossentong
Dutch gewone ossetong
os Урусудз
Polish farbownik lekarski
Russian Анхуза лекарственная
Russian Воловик лекарственный
Serbo-Croatian runjava trava
Slovak smohla lekárska
Slovenian navadni volovski jezik
Swedish fåretunga
Swedish oxtunga
Turkish adi sığırdili
tt Шифалы үгез теле
Ukrainian Воловик лікарський
vep löcunsil'm
Chinese 蜻蜓
Chinese 药用牛舌草
Chinese 药用牛舍草
Chinese 藥用牛舌草

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Name Authority First published in
Anchusa officinalis subsp. intacta (Griseb.) Selvi & Bigazzi Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 435 (2003)

Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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No variety added yet.

Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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No subvariety added yet.

Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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No forms added yet.

Germination/Propagation Top

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Sow seeds at 20°C, expecting germination within 3 months without further temperature treatment.
Requires Darkness: These seeds need to be covered with soil or otherwise kept in the dark to germinate properly. Light inhibits their germination process.

Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Asia-temperate
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan
    • Western Asia
      • Turkey
  • Europe
    • Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States
      • Belarus
      • Central European Russia
      • East European Russia
      • North European Russia
      • Northwest European Russia
      • South European Russia
      • Ukraine
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Germany
      • Hungary
      • Netherlands
      • Poland
      • Switzerland
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark
      • Finland
      • Norway
      • Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania
      • Bulgaria
      • Greece
      • Italy
      • Romania
      • Turkey-in-Europe
      • Yugoslavia
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares
      • Corse
      • France
  • Northern America
    • Eastern Canada
      • Ontario
    • North-central U.S.A.
      • Illinois
      • South Dakota
      • Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut
      • Maine
      • Massachusetts
      • Michigan
      • New Hampshire
      • New Jersey
      • New York
      • Ohio
      • Pennsylvania
      • Rhode Island
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado
      • Idaho
      • Montana
      • Oregon
      • Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California
      • Utah
    • Western Canada
      • British Columbia

Links to other databases Top

Suggest others/fix!
Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000533707
UNII T3R944363G
Canadensys 3745
USDA Plants ANOF
INPN 82391
Flora of Italy 4331
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:113312-1
The Plant List kew-2636606
Plantarium 2796
Open Tree Of Life 360049
Observations.org 6418
NCBI Taxonomy 89630
NBN Atlas NBNSYS0000003998
Nature Serve 2.160545
IPNI 113312-1
iNaturalist 75430
GBIF 5341201
Freebase /m/02vv2gs
WisFlora 2521
EPPO ANCOF
EOL 580761
Elurikkus 2761
Calflora (Californian flora) 344
USDA GRIN 3105
Wikipedia Anchusa_officinalis
CMAUP NPO5911

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Wild Edible Plants Used in Dalmatian Zagora (Croatia) Ninčević Runjić T, Jug-Dujaković M, Runjić M, Łuczaj Ł Plants (Basel) 11-Apr-2024
PMCID:PMC11053949
doi:10.3390/plants13081079
PMID:38674488
Bioreactor Systems for Plant Cell Cultivation at the Institute of Plant Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences: 50 Years of Technology Evolution from Laboratory to Industrial Implications Titova M, Popova E, Nosov A Plants (Basel) 01-Feb-2024
PMCID:PMC10857215
doi:10.3390/plants13030430
PMID:38337964
Accumulation of Polyphenols and Associated Gene Expression in Hairy Roots of Salvia viridis Exposed to Methyl Jasmonate Grzegorczyk-Karolak I, Krzemińska M, Grąbkowska R, Gomulski J, Żekanowski C, Gaweda-Walerych K Int J Mol Sci 07-Jan-2024
PMCID:PMC10815010
doi:10.3390/ijms25020764
PMID:38255839
Plant Extracts as Skin Care and Therapeutic Agents Michalak M Int J Mol Sci 22-Oct-2023
PMCID:PMC10607442
doi:10.3390/ijms242015444
PMID:37895122
The most polyphagous insect herbivore? Host plant associations of the Meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) Thompson V, Harkin C, Stewart AJ PLoS One 04-Oct-2023
PMCID:PMC10602594
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0291734
PMID:37792900
New Insights into the Latest Advancement in α-Amylase Inhibitors of Plant Origin with Anti-Diabetic Effects Kashtoh H, Baek KH Plants (Basel) 14-Aug-2023
PMCID:PMC10458243
doi:10.3390/plants12162944
PMID:37631156
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi impact the production of alkannin/shikonin and their derivatives in Alkanna tinctoria Tausch. grown in semi-hydroponic and pot cultivation systems Zhao Y, Cartabia A, Garcés-Ruiz M, Herent MF, Quetin-Leclercq J, Ortiz S, Declerck S, Lalaymia I Front Microbiol 10-Aug-2023
PMCID:PMC10447974
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2023.1216029
PMID:37637105
Examination of the Effects of Domestic Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Grazing on Wetland and Dry Grassland Habitats Fűrész A, Penksza K, Sipos L, Turcsányi-Járdi I, Szentes S, Fintha G, Penksza P, Viszló L, Szalai F, Wagenhoffer Z Plants (Basel) 31-May-2023
PMCID:PMC10255522
doi:10.3390/plants12112184
PMID:37299162
Antioxidants in Traditional Mexican Medicine and Their Applications as Antitumor Treatments Soto KM, Pérez Bueno JD, Mendoza López ML, Apátiga-Castro M, López-Romero JM, Mendoza S, Manzano-Ramírez A Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 23-Mar-2023
PMCID:PMC10145960
doi:10.3390/ph16040482
PMID:37111239
Phenolic Compounds from New Natural Sources—Plant Genotype and Ontogenetic Variation Nurzyńska-Wierdak R Molecules 11-Feb-2023
PMCID:PMC9959341
doi:10.3390/molecules28041731
PMID:36838719
Phenotypic and molecular analyses in diploid and tetraploid genotypes of Solanum tuberosum L. reveal promising genotypes and candidate genes associated with phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid contents, and antioxidant activity Berdugo-Cely JA, Céron-Lasso MD, Yockteng R Front Plant Sci 18-Jan-2023
PMCID:PMC9889998
doi:10.3389/fpls.2022.1007104
PMID:36743552
Southern Carpathian ultramafic grasslands within the central-southeast European context: syntaxonomic classification and overall eco-coenotic patterns Coldea G, Gafta D, Negrean G, Stoica AI, Hurdu BI Bot Stud 12-Oct-2022
PMCID:PMC9556682
doi:10.1186/s40529-022-00355-8
PMID:36222902
Photonic nanostructures mimicking floral epidermis for perovskite solar cells Vasilopoulou M, Jose da Silva W, Soultati A, Kim HP, Kim BS, Reo Y, Ximim Gavim AE, Conforto J, Schneider FK, Felippi M, Palilis LC, Davazoglou D, Argitis P, Stergiopoulos T, Fakharuddin A, Jang J, Gasparini N, Nazeeruddin MK, Noh YY, Rashid bin Mohd Yusoff A Cell Rep Phys Sci 21-Sep-2022
PMCID:PMC9492859
doi:10.1016/j.xcrp.2022.101019
PMID:36259071
The Role of Medicago lupulina Interaction with Rhizophagus irregularis in the Determination of Root Metabolome at Early Stages of AM Symbiosis Yurkov AP, Puzanskiy RK, Kryukov AA, Gorbunova AO, Kudriashova TR, Jacobi LM, Kozhemyakov AP, Romanyuk DA, Aronova EB, Avdeeva GS, Yemelyanov VV, Shavarda AL, Shishova MF Plants (Basel) 07-Sep-2022
PMCID:PMC9501341
doi:10.3390/plants11182338
PMID:36145739
Arbuscular mycorrhizal Fungi and Changes in Primary and Secondary Metabolites Amani Machiani M, Javanmard A, Habibi Machiani R, Sadeghpour A Plants (Basel) 23-Aug-2022
PMCID:PMC9460575
doi:10.3390/plants11172183
PMID:36079565

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
You can also contribute to this by clicking here.
Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Alkaloids and derivatives
3'-Acetyllycopsamine 586647 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)OC(=O)C)O 341.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
7-O-Acetylechinatine 91748014 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)OC(=O)C)O 341.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
Echinatine 22384 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)O)O 299.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
Intermedine, (+)- 114843 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)O)O 299.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Benzoic acid esters / o-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters
Benzyl 2,6-dihydroxybenzoate 10586364 Click to see C1=CC=C(C=C1)COC(=O)C2=C(C=CC=C2O)O 244.24 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 72 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C(=O)O)O)O 154.12 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives / P-methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives
[(1R,2R)-2-hydroxy-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)propyl] 4-methoxybenzoate 26117978 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)OC(=O)C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)O 316.30 unknown via CMAUP database
p-Anisic acid 7478 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(=O)O 152.15 unknown via CMAUP database
rel-(1R,2R)-2-Hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl 4-methoxybenzoate 10734180 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)OC(=O)C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC 316.30 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoyl derivatives
p-Anisaldehyde 31244 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C=O 136.15 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzyl alcohols
4-Methoxybenzyl alcohol 7738 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)CO 138.16 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Diphenylmethanes
(S)-1,1-bis(4-Methoxyphenyl)propan-2-ol 10683611 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)O 272.34 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Phenylpropanes
(1R,2R)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol 11217615 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)O 182.22 unknown via CMAUP database
(1R,2R)-1-[(1R,2S)-1-hydroxy-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)propan-2-yl]oxy-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)propan-2-ol 26252192 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)OC(C)C(C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)O)O 346.40 unknown via CMAUP database
(1R,2S)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol 9799166 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)O 182.22 unknown via CMAUP database
(1S,2S)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)propane-1,2-diol 12387012 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)O 182.22 unknown via CMAUP database
4-Methoxyphenylacetone 31231 Click to see CC(=O)CC1=CC=C(C=C1)OC 164.20 unknown via CMAUP database
Bjerkanderol A 9799167 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)O 182.22 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Naphthalenes / Naphthoquinones
[(E)-1-(5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-dioxonaphthalen-2-yl)-4-hydroxy-4-methylpent-2-enyl] 2-methylbutanoate 5319056 Click to see CCC(C)C(=O)OC(C=CC(C)(C)O)C1=CC(=O)C2=C(C=CC(=C2C1=O)O)O 388.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenol ethers
Foeniculin, (E)- 5316879 Click to see CC=CC1=CC=C(C=C1)OCC=C(C)C 202.29 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenol ethers / Anisoles
(2R,3R,5S,6S)-2,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-3,6-dimethyl-1,4-dioxane 10782514 Click to see CC1C(OC(C(O1)C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)C)C3=CC=C(C=C3)OC 328.40 unknown via CMAUP database
(2S,4S,5S)-2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-methyl-1,3-dioxolane 10566139 Click to see CC1C(OC(O1)C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)C3=CC=C(C=C3)OC 300.30 unknown via CMAUP database
2-methoxy-1-(3-methylbut-2-enoxy)-4-[(E)-prop-1-enyl]benzene 16091585 Click to see CC=CC1=CC(=C(C=C1)OCC=C(C)C)OC 232.32 unknown via CMAUP database
Anethole 637563 Click to see CC=CC1=CC=C(C=C1)OC 148.20 unknown via CMAUP database
Estragole 8815 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)CC=C 148.20 unknown via CMAUP database
Verimol I 10932638 Click to see CC(=O)OCC=CC1=CC=C(C=C1)OC 206.24 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenols / Benzenediols / Hydroquinones
Hydroquinone 785 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1O)O 110.11 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenols / Methoxyphenols
2-[(2S)-2-hydroxypropyl]-5-methoxyphenol 92475782 Click to see CC(CC1=C(C=C(C=C1)OC)O)O 182.22 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenols / Tyrosols and derivatives / Tyrosols
Tyrosol 10393 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1CCO)O 138.16 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lignans, neolignans and related compounds / Furanoid lignans / Tetrahydrofuran lignans / 9,9-epoxylignans
(+/-)-trans-3,4-Divanillyltetrahydrofuran 9906140 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)CC2COCC2CC3=CC(=C(C=C3)O)OC)O 344.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Bicyclic monoterpenoids
(+)-3-Carene 443156 Click to see CC1=CCC2C(C1)C2(C)C 136.23 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Menthane monoterpenoids
(+)-alpha-Phellandrene 443160 Click to see CC1=CCC(C=C1)C(C)C 136.23 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Sesquiterpenoids
Cloven 11229486 Click to see CC1(C=CC23C1CCC(C2)(CCC3)C)C 204.35 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Terpene glycosides / Triterpene glycosides / Triterpene saponins
(3S,4aR,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,9R,10R,11R,12aR,14bS)-10,11-dihydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-3-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 21123691 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CC1OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)(CCC6C4(CC(C(C6(C)CO)O)O)C)C)C 666.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19833160605
(3S,4aR,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,9R,10S,12aR,14bS)-3-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-10-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 162858606 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)O)C)C 945.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19883211012
(3S,4aR,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aS,9R,10S,12aR,14bR)-10-hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-3-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 162949547 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)O)C)C 650.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19853180307
(3S,4aR,6aR,6aS,6bS,8aR,9R,10S,12aR,14bS)-3-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-10-hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 163030772 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)O)C)C 813.00 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19863190613
(4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aS,10S,12aR,14bR)-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-5-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,4-bis[[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy]oxan-2-yl]oxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 162961488 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)O)C 943.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] (4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10S,12aR,14bR)-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylate 162914920 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C 943.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] (4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10S,12aR,14bR)-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylate 162898346 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C 781.00 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
[3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl] 2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-10-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylate 434119 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C 781.00 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
10-[5-Hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,4-bis[[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy]oxan-2-yl]oxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 434120 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)O)C 943.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
10-Hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 14158837 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)O)C)C 650.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19853180307
10,11-Dihydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 73744577 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CC1OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)(CCC6C4(CC(C(C6(C)CO)O)O)C)C)C 666.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19833160605
3-[4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-10-hydroxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 14158839 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)O)C)C 813.00 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19863190613
3-[4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamethyl-10-(3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl)oxy-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 14158841 Click to see CC1(CC2C3=CCC4C5(CCC(C(C5CCC4(C3(CCC2(CC1OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C(=O)O)C)C)(C)CO)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)O)C)C 945.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19883211012
alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl (2alpha,3beta,4alpha)-2,3,19,23-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oate 101608066 Click to see CC1CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)CO)O)O)C)C)C2C1(C)O)C)C(=O)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O 666.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19833160605
Anchucoside-7 434121 Click to see CC1(CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CCC(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)O)C)C)C2C1)C)C(=O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C 943.10 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.197919791213
Quercilicoside A 14055729 Click to see CC1CCC2(CCC3(C(=CCC4C3(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)CO)O)O)C)C)C2C1(C)O)C)C(=O)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O 666.80 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/ARDP.19833160605
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Terpene lactones
(1S,2R,5R,6R,7S,8R,11R)-5,7,11-trihydroxy-7-(methoxymethyl)-2-methylspiro[9-oxatricyclo[6.3.1.01,5]dodecane-6,3'-oxetane]-2',10-dione 9997459 Click to see CC1CCC2(C13CC(C(C24COC4=O)(COC)O)OC(=O)C3O)O 342.34 unknown via CMAUP database
methyl (1S,2R,5R,6R,7R,8R,11R)-5,7,11-trihydroxy-2-methyl-2',10-dioxospiro[9-oxatricyclo[6.3.1.01,5]dodecane-6,3'-oxetane]-7-carboxylate 10498456 Click to see CC1CCC2(C13CC(C(C24COC4=O)(C(=O)OC)O)OC(=O)C3O)O 356.32 unknown via CMAUP database
Veranisatin C 10643000 Click to see CC1CC(C2(C13CC(C(C24COC4=O)(C(=O)OC)O)OC(=O)C3O)O)O 372.32 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Triterpenoids
(24Z)-3,4-Seco-5alpha-cycloarta-4(28),24-diene-3,26-dioic acid 26-methyl ester 102317275 Click to see CC(CCC=C(C)C(=O)OC)C1CCC2(C1(CCC34C2CCC(C3(C4)CCC(=O)O)C(=C)C)C)C 484.70 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids and derivatives / Tricarboxylic acids and derivatives
(1R,4Z,6S,7S)-7-acetyloxy-4-ethenyl-6,7,14-trimethyl-3,8-dioxo-2,9-dioxa-14-azoniatricyclo[9.5.1.014,17]heptadeca-4,11-dien-17-olate 21606566 Click to see CC1C=C(C(=O)OC2CC[N+]3(C2(C(=CC3)COC(=O)C1(C)OC(=O)C)[O-])C)C=C 405.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Alcohols and polyols / Cyclitols and derivatives / Shikimic acids and derivatves
Shikimic acid 8742 Click to see C1C(C(C(C=C1C(=O)O)O)O)O 174.15 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Carbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates / Glycosyl compounds / O-glycosyl compounds
(1R,2R)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-1-propanol 10958867 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 344.36 unknown via CMAUP database
(1R,2S)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-1-propanol 10497611 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 344.36 unknown via CMAUP database
(1S,2R)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-1-propanol 10593533 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 344.36 unknown via CMAUP database
(1S,2S)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-1-propanol 10958868 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 344.36 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Benzodioxoles
6-Allyl-1,3-benzodioxole-4-ol 16729376 Click to see C=CCC1=CC(=C2C(=C1)OCO2)O 178.18 unknown via CMAUP database
6-Allyl-4-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-1,3-benzodioxol-5-ol 16729374 Click to see CC(=CCC1=C(C(=CC2=C1OCO2)CC=C)O)C 246.30 unknown via CMAUP database
Illicinole 16729375 Click to see CC(=CCOC1=CC2=C(C=C1CC=C)OCO2)C 246.30 unknown via CMAUP database
Safrole 5144 Click to see C=CCC1=CC2=C(C=C1)OCO2 162.18 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Dioxolanes / 1,3-dioxolanes
(7aR)-6-allyl-7a-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-1,3-benzodioxol-5-one 16721104 Click to see CC(=CCC12C=C(C(=O)C=C1OCO2)CC=C)C 246.30 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Pyridines and derivatives / Pyridoxines
Pyridoxine 1054 Click to see CC1=NC=C(C(=C1O)CO)CO 169.18 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Pyrrolizidines
[(1R,8R)-2,3,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-pyrrolizin-1-yl]methyl acetate 163191201 Click to see CC(=O)OCC1CCN2C1CCC2 183.25 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
2,3,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-pyrrolizin-1-ylmethyl acetate 318513 Click to see CC(=O)OCC1CCN2C1CCC2 183.25 unknown https://doi.org/10.3891/ACTA.CHEM.SCAND.34B-0075
Pentanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-2-(1-hydroxyethyl)-3-methyl-, (hexahydro-1H-pyrrolizin-1-yl)methyl ester 155104 Click to see CCC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1CCN2C1CCC2)O 299.41 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/BMS.1200170210
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / 2-arylbenzofuran flavonoids
Lithospermic acid 6441498 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1CC(C(=O)O)OC(=O)C=CC2=C3C(C(OC3=C(C=C2)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O)C(=O)O)O)O 538.50 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamaldehydes
4-Methoxycinnamaldehyde 641294 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C=CC=O 162.18 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids and derivatives / Coumaric acids and derivatives
Rosmarinic acid 5281792 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1CC(C(=O)O)OC(=O)C=CC2=CC(=C(C=C2)O)O)O)O 360.30 unknown https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00193150
https://doi.org/10.1002/BIT.260420713
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01022093
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1055858/
https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2007-969728
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamyl alcohols
3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-ol 5314180 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C=CCO 164.20 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides / Flavonoid-3-O-glycosides
Quercetin 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside 5320861 Click to see C1C(C(C(C(O1)OC2=C(OC3=CC(=CC(=C3C2=O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O)O)O)O 434.30 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Stilbenes
(1S,2S,3S)-1,2-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)butane-1,3-diol 10780691 Click to see CC(C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)OC)C(C2=CC=C(C=C2)OC)O)O 302.40 unknown via CMAUP database

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