Amsinckia tessellata - Unknown
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Internal ID UUID644008edba860744737313
Scientific name Amsinckia tessellata
Authority A.Gray
First published in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 54 (1875)

Description Top

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Amsinckia tessellata, also known as bristly fiddleneck, is a common plant found in dry regions of western North America. It can be found in various habitats such as chaparral, oak woodland, and deserts. This annual herb grows up to 24 inches tall and has a coiled inflorescence with yellow to orange tubular flowers. Its bloom period is from March to June and it is often mistaken for other fiddleneck species.

Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Amsinckia brachysantha Suksd. Werdenda 1: 111 (1931)
Amsinckia collina Greene Man. Bot. San Francisco 262. 1894 [2 Feb 1894]
Amsinckia conica Suksd. Werdenda 1: 104 (1931)
Amsinckia deltoidea Suksd. Werdenda 1: 110 (1931)
Amsinckia douglasiana var. elegans (Suksd.) Jeps. & Hoover Fl. Calif. 3: 321 (1943)
Amsinckia dudleyi Suksd. Werdenda 1: 106 (1931)
Amsinckia elegans Suksd. Werdenda 1: 103 (1931)
Amsinckia macrosepala Suksd. Werdenda 1: 108 (1931)
Amsinckia marginata Suksd. Werdenda 1: 109. 1931
Amsinckia mojavensis Suksd. Werdenda 1: 108 (1931)
Amsinckia obliqua Suksd. Werdenda 1: 111 (1931)
Amsinckia ovaticarpa Suksd. Werdenda 1: 108 (1931)
Amsinckia platycarpa Suksd. Werdenda 1: 106 (1931)
Amsinckia pustulata A.Heller Muhlenbergia 2: 243 (1906)
Amsinckia remotifructis Suksd. Werdenda 1: 107 1931
Amsinckia rostellata Suksd. Werdenda 1: 107 (1931)
Amsinckia salebrosa Suksd. Werdenda 1: 65 (1931)
Amsinckia subintegra Suksd. Werdenda 1: 105 (1931)
Amsinckia tessellata var. elegans (Suksd.) Hoover Vasc. Pl. San Luis Obispo Co., Calif. : 245 (1970)
Amsinckia tessellata var. macrosepala M.E.Jones Contr. W. Bot. 12: 58 (1908)
Amsinckia turrita Suksd. Werdenda 1: 104 (1931)
Benthamia collina (Greene) Druce Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles Rep. 4: 298. 1916
Benthamia pustulata (A.Heller) Druce Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles Rep. 4: 299. 1916
Benthamia tessellata (A.Gray) Druce Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles Rep. 4: 299. 1916

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English bristly fiddleneck
English checker fiddleneck
English devil's lettuce
English tessellate fiddleneck

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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No subspecies added yet.

Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Name Authority First published in
Amsinckia tessellata var. gloriosa (Eastw. ex Suksd.) Hoover Vasc. Pl. San Luis Obispo Co., Calif. : 245 (1970)

Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Germination/Propagation Top

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No germination or propagation data was added yet.

Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Northern America
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Northwest
    • North-central U.S.A.
      • Missouri
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Idaho
      • Oregon
      • Washington
    • South-central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico
      • Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona
      • California
      • Nevada
      • Utah
  • Southern America
    • Southern South America
      • Argentina Northwest
      • Argentina South
      • Chile Central

Links to other databases Top

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Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000532259
Canadensys 3742
USDA Plants AMTE3
Tropicos 4000784
INPN 82200
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:113157-1
The Plant List kew-2635153
Open Tree Of Life 279899
NCBI Taxonomy 1037326
NBN Atlas NBNSYS0200001764
Nature Serve 2.159004
IPNI 113157-1
iNaturalist 58050
GBIF 2925877
Freebase /m/04jf2p2
EPPO AMSTE
EOL 580091
Calflora (Californian flora) 332
US Library of Congress sh2003006366
USDA GRIN 3006
Wikipedia Amsinckia_tessellata
CMAUP NPO27274

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Browsers or Grazers? New Insights into Feral Burro Diet Using a Non-Invasive Sampling and Plant DNA Metabarcoding Approach Esmaeili S, King SR, Schoenecker KA Animals (Basel) 21-Aug-2023
PMCID:PMC10451565
doi:10.3390/ani13162683
PMID:37627474
Seed Menus: An integrated decision‐support framework for native plant restoration in the Mojave Desert Shryock DF, DeFalco LA, Esque TC Ecol Evol 12-Apr-2022
PMCID:PMC9005930
doi:10.1002/ece3.8805
PMID:35432931
Combining active restoration and targeted grazing to establish native plants and reduce fuel loads in invaded ecosystems Porensky LM, Perryman BL, Williamson MA, Madsen MD, Leger EA Ecol Evol 11-Dec-2018
PMCID:PMC6309004
doi:10.1002/ece3.4642
PMID:30619563
Desert Tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) Are Selective Herbivores that Track the Flowering Phenology of Their Preferred Food Plants Jennings WB, Berry KH PLoS One 30-Jan-2015
PMCID:PMC4312072
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116716
PMID:25635840
Profiling of Dehydropyrrolizidine Alkaloids and their N-Oxides in Herbarium-Preserved Specimens of Amsinckia Species Using HPLC-esi(+)MS Colegate SM, Welsh SL, Gardner DR, Betz JM, Panter KE J Agric Food Chem 23-Mar-2014
PMCID:PMC4117384
doi:10.1021/jf500425v
PMID:24655304
Combined effects of precipitation and nitrogen deposition on native and invasive winter annual production in California deserts Rao LE, Allen EB Oecologia 05-Dec-2009
PMCID:PMC2841273
doi:10.1007/s00442-009-1516-5
PMID:19967416
Pyrrolizidine alkaloid chemosystematics in Amsinckia Ronald B. Kelley, James N. Seiber Elsevier BV 25-Jul-2002
doi:10.1016/0031-9422(92)83282-4
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Amsinckia Ronald B. Kelley, James N. Seiber Elsevier BV 25-Jul-2002
doi:10.1016/0031-9422(92)83312-M

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
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Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Alkaloids and derivatives
5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H-pyrrolizin-1-ylmethyl 2-hydroxy-2-(1-hydroxyethyl)-3-methylbutanoate 259729 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1CCC2)O 283.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(92)83282-4
Supinine 108053 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1CCC2)O 283.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(92)83282-4
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 3469 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1O)C(=O)O)O 154.12 unknown via CMAUP database
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 72 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C(=O)O)O)O 154.12 unknown via CMAUP database
3,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 7424 Click to see C1=C(C=C(C=C1O)O)C(=O)O 154.12 unknown via CMAUP database
4-Hydroxybenzoic acid 135 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C(=O)O)O 138.12 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives / Gallic acid and derivatives
Syringic acid 10742 Click to see COC1=CC(=CC(=C1O)OC)C(=O)O 198.17 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives / Gallic acid and derivatives / Gallic acids
Gallic Acid 370 Click to see C1=C(C=C(C(=C1O)O)O)C(=O)O 170.12 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives / M-methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives
Vanillic Acid 8468 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C(=O)O)O 168.15 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Benzoic acids and derivatives / Salicylic acid and derivatives / Salicylic acids
Salicylic Acid 338 Click to see C1=CC=C(C(=C1)C(=O)O)O 138.12 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenols / Methoxyphenols
1,2-Ethanediol, 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-, (R)- 688030 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C(CO)O)O 184.19 unknown via CMAUP database
> Benzenoids / Phenols / Tyrosols and derivatives / Tyrosols
Tyrosol 10393 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1CCO)O 138.16 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lignans, neolignans and related compounds / Dibenzylbutane lignans / Dibenzylbutanediol lignans
(+)-Secoisolariciresinol 6336781 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)CC(CO)C(CC2=CC(=C(C=C2)O)OC)CO)O 362.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Fatty Acyls / Fatty acyl glycosides / Fatty acyl glycosides of mono- and disaccharides
alpha-(beta-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-trans-cinnamic acid 53385591 Click to see C1=CC=C(C=C1)C=C(C(=O)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 326.30 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Alcohols and polyols / Cyclitols and derivatives / Quinic acids and derivatives
(1S,3R,4R,5R)-3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoyloxy]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid 9476 Click to see C1C(C(C(CC1(C(=O)O)O)OC(=O)C=CC2=CC(=C(C=C2)O)O)O)O 354.31 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Carbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates / Glycosyl compounds / Phenolic glycosides
Eleutheroside B 5316860 Click to see COC1=CC(=CC(=C1OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O)OC)C=CCO 372.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Pyrrolizidines
(hexahydro-1H-pyrrolizin-1-yl)methyl 2,3-dihydroxy-2-(propan-2-yl)butanoate 3454277 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1CCN2C1CCC2)O 285.38 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(92)83312-M
Trachelanthamine 11869576 Click to see CC(C)C(C(C)O)(C(=O)OCC1CCN2C1CCC2)O 285.38 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(92)83312-M
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / 2-arylbenzofuran flavonoids
Dihydrodehydroconiferyl alcohol, (7R,8S)-(-)- 5274623 Click to see COC1=CC(=CC2=C1OC(C2CO)C3=CC(=C(C=C3)O)OC)CCCO 360.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids
Caffeic Acid 689043 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C=CC(=O)O)O)O 180.16 unknown via CMAUP database
Ferulic acid 445858 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C=CC(=O)O)O 194.18 unknown via CMAUP database
p-Coumaric acid 637542 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C=CC(=O)O)O 164.16 unknown via CMAUP database
Sinapinic acid 637775 Click to see COC1=CC(=CC(=C1O)OC)C=CC(=O)O 224.21 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Coumarins and derivatives / Hydroxycoumarins / 6,7-dihydroxycoumarins
Esculetin 5281416 Click to see C1=CC(=O)OC2=CC(=C(C=C21)O)O 178.14 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavans / Catechins
Cianidanol 9064 Click to see C1C(C(OC2=CC(=CC(=C21)O)O)C3=CC(=C(C=C3)O)O)O 290.27 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavones
Luteolin 5280445 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)O)O 286.24 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavones / Flavonols
Quercetin 5280343 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)O)O)O 302.23 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid C-glycosides
2,3-Dihydro-5,7-dihydroxy-6-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-2beta-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one 45271033 Click to see C1C(OC2=C(C1=O)C(=C(C(=C2)O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O 450.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Eriodictyol-6-glucoside 102370911 Click to see C1C(OC2=C(C1=O)C(=C(C(=C2)O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O 450.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Hemiphloin 160711 Click to see C1C(OC2=C(C1=O)C(=C(C(=C2)O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)C4=CC=C(C=C4)O 434.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Isoorientin 114776 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Isovitexin 162350 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 432.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid C-glycosides / Flavonoid 8-C-glycosides
Eriodictyol-8-glucoside 122221847 Click to see C1C(OC2=C(C(=CC(=C2C1=O)O)O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O 450.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Orientin 5281675 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C(=C(C=C3O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Vitexin 5280441 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C(=C(C=C3O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O 432.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides
1-[2,4,6-Trihydroxy-3-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)phenyl]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propanone 102467789 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1CCC(=O)C2=C(C(=C(C=C2O)O)OC3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)O 452.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides / Flavonoid-3-O-glycosides
Hyperoside 5281643 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 464.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Isoquercetin 5280804 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 464.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Quercetin 3-O-robinobioside 10371536 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OCC2C(C(C(C(O2)OC3=C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C4C3=O)O)O)C5=CC(=C(C=C5)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 610.50 unknown via CMAUP database
Rutin 5280805 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OCC2C(C(C(C(O2)OC3=C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C4C3=O)O)O)C5=CC(=C(C=C5)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 610.50 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides / Flavonoid-7-O-glycosides
Luteolin 7-O-glucoside 5280637 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / O-methylated flavonoids / 3-O-methylated flavonoids
Chryseriol 5280666 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C2=CC(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)O 300.26 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Linear 1,3-diarylpropanoids / Chalcones and dihydrochalcones / 2-Hydroxy-dihydrochalcones
Aspalathin 11282394 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1CCC(=O)C2=C(C=C(C(=C2O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 452.40 unknown via CMAUP database
Nothofagin 21722188 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1CCC(=O)C2=C(C=C(C(=C2O)C3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 436.40 unknown via CMAUP database

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