Leonotis leonurus - Unknown
Part: Unknown
Author: Public Domain - WikiMedia

Leonotis leonurus - Unknown
Part: Unknown
Author: Public Domain - WikiMedia

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Details Top

Internal ID UUID643fe09e886ad579843426
Scientific name Leonotis leonurus
Authority (L.) R.Br.
First published in Hortus Kew. 3: 410 (1811)

Description Top

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Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Leonurus africanus Mill. Gard. Dict. ed. 8 : n.º 1 (1768)
Leonurus grandiflorus Moench Methodus : 400 (1794)
Leonurus superbus Medik. Bot. Beob. 1783 : 127 (1784)
Phlomis leonurus L. Sp. Pl. : 587 (1753)
Phlomis speciosa Salisb. Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton : 84 (1796)
Leonotis leonurus var. albiflora Benth. Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 243. 1838
Hemisodon leonurus Raf. Fl. Tellur. 3: 88 (1837)

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English lion's ear
Spanish phlomis speciosa
Spanish leonurus superbus
Spanish leonotis leonurus var. albiflora
Spanish leonotis leonurus var albiflora
Spanish hemisodon leonurus
Spanish phlomis leonurus
Spanish leonurus africanus
Arabic أذن الأسد الذنبية
ary أبزاز
Czech lvoušek oranžový
French leonurus africanus
French phlomis leonurus
French leonurus superbus
French phlomis speciosa
Armenian Առյուծագի
Japanese レオノチス
Russian Леонотис пустырниковый
Slovak srdcovník leví
ts mbangi ya nhova
Chinese 獅耳花
Chinese 狮尾草
Chinese 狮耳花

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Distribution (via Powo/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Africa
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Saint Helena
    • Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces
      • Free State
      • Kwazulu-Natal
      • Northern Provinces
    • West-central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi

Links to other databases Top

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Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000224580
UNII 579H5O18TX
USDA Plants LELE3
Tropicos 17601477
INPN 706464
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:449133-1
The Plant List kew-109449
Missouri Botanical Garden 281484
Open Tree Of Life 691715
NCBI Taxonomy 378904
Nature Serve 2.145563
IPNI 449133-1
iNaturalist 132849
GBIF 2926906
Freebase /m/025v0zc
EPPO LEOLE
EOL 579430
Calflora (Californian flora) 9144
USDA GRIN 21744
Wikipedia Leonotis_leonurus

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

Below is displayed the reference genome only!
If you wish to browse all genomes for this plant click here.
Accession Assembly
Name Level Submitter Released Coverage Size
GCA_026898415.1 MSU_Leonotis_leonurus_v1.0 Scaffold Michigan State University 2022-12-14 65.0x 498.31 Mb

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
A comparison of the attractiveness of flowering plant blossoms versus attractive targeted sugar baits (ATSBs) in western Kenya Yalla N, Polo B, McDermott DP, Kosgei J, Omondi S, Agumba S, Moshi V, Abong’o B, Gimnig JE, Harris AF, Entwistle J, Long PR, Ochomo E PLoS One 06-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10243617
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0286679
PMID:37279239
Botanical Analysis of the Baroque Art on the Eastern Adriatic Coast, South Croatia Jasprica N, Lupis VB, Dolina K Plants (Basel) 23-May-2023
PMCID:PMC10255097
doi:10.3390/plants12112080
PMID:37299059
Oxidative stress in cerebrovascular disease and associated diseases Kumar V, Bishayee K, Park S, Lee U, Kim J Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 17-Feb-2023
PMCID:PMC9982100
doi:10.3389/fendo.2023.1124419
PMID:36875474
Uncovering a miltiradiene biosynthetic gene cluster in the Lamiaceae reveals a dynamic evolutionary trajectory Bryson AE, Lanier ER, Lau KH, Hamilton JP, Vaillancourt B, Mathieu D, Yocca AE, Miller GP, Edger PP, Buell CR, Hamberger B Nat Commun 20-Jan-2023
PMCID:PMC9860074
doi:10.1038/s41467-023-35845-1
PMID:36670101
An Inventory of Anthelmintic Plants across the Globe Ahmed H, Kilinc SG, Celik F, Kesik HK, Simsek S, Ahmad KS, Afzal MS, Farrakh S, Safdar W, Pervaiz F, Liaqat S, Zhang J, Cao J Pathogens 13-Jan-2023
PMCID:PMC9866317
doi:10.3390/pathogens12010131
PMID:36678480
A review on phytochemical and pharmacological facets of tropical ethnomedicinal plants as reformed DPP-IV inhibitors to regulate incretin activity Chhabria S, Mathur S, Vadakan S, Sahoo DK, Mishra P, Paital B Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 11-Nov-2022
PMCID:PMC9691845
doi:10.3389/fendo.2022.1027237
PMID:36440220
The Potential of Lamiaceae Herbs for Mitigation of Overweight, Obesity, and Fatty Liver: Studies and Perspectives Diab F, Zbeeb H, Baldini F, Portincasa P, Khalil M, Vergani L Molecules 08-Aug-2022
PMCID:PMC9370348
doi:10.3390/molecules27155043
PMID:35956991
Molecular modeling identification of potential drug candidates from selected African plants against SARS-CoV-2 key druggable proteins Uhomoibhi JO, Idowu KA, Shode FO, Sabiu S Sci Afr 14-Jul-2022
PMCID:PMC9279166
doi:10.1016/j.sciaf.2022.e01279
PMID:35856008
Antidepressant Effects of South African Plants: An Appraisal of Ethnobotanical Surveys, Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical Studies Bonokwane MB, Lekhooa M, Struwig M, Aremu AO Front Pharmacol 29-Jun-2022
PMCID:PMC9277359
doi:10.3389/fphar.2022.895286
PMID:35846999
Exploration of Lamiaceae in Cardio Vascular Diseases and Functional Foods: Medicine as Food and Food as Medicine Chakrabartty I, Mohanta YK, Nongbet A, Mohanta TK, Mahanta S, Das N, Saravanan M, Sharma N Front Pharmacol 14-Jun-2022
PMCID:PMC9237463
doi:10.3389/fphar.2022.894814
PMID:35774598

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
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Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Benzenoids / Benzene and substituted derivatives / Phenylpropanes
2-(4-Methylphenyl)propan-2-ol 14529 Click to see CC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(C)(C)O 150.22 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Hydrocarbons / Unsaturated hydrocarbons / Branched unsaturated hydrocarbons
gamma-Terpinene 7461 Click to see CC1=CCC(=CC1)C(C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Acyclic monoterpenoids
2,6-Dimethyl-2,4,6-octatriene 5368821 Click to see CC=C(C)C=CC=C(C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta-OCIMENE, (3E)- 5281553 Click to see CC(=CCC=C(C)C=C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta-Ocimene, (3Z)- 5320250 Click to see CC(=CCC=C(C)C=C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Linalool, (+/-)- 6549 Click to see CC(=CCCC(C)(C=C)O)C 154.25 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Myrcene 31253 Click to see CC(=CCCC(=C)C=C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Aromatic monoterpenoids
p-CYMENE 7463 Click to see CC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(C)C 134.22 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Bicyclic monoterpenoids
1,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol 64685 Click to see CC1(C2CCC1(C(C2)O)C)C 154.25 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
alpha-PINENE 6654 Click to see CC1=CCC2CC1C2(C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta-Pinene 14896 Click to see CC1(C2CCC(=C)C1C2)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Bicyclo[3.1.0]hex-2-ene, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)- 17868 Click to see CC1=CCC2(C1C2)C(C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Sabinen 18818 Click to see CC(C)C12CCC(=C)C1C2 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Monoterpenoids / Menthane monoterpenoids
alpha,alpha-Dimethyl-4-methylenecyclohexanemethanol 81722 Click to see CC(C)(C1CCC(=C)CC1)O 154.25 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Limonene, (+/-)- 22311 Click to see CC1=CCC(CC1)C(=C)C 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Terpinolene 11463 Click to see CC1=CCC(=C(C)C)CC1 136.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Sesquiterpenoids
(1R,4S,4aR)-1,6-dimethyl-4-propan-2-yl-3,4,4a,7,8,8a-hexahydro-2H-naphthalen-1-ol 5315592 Click to see CC1=CC2C(CCC(C2CC1)(C)O)C(C)C 222.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
1,6-Dimethyl-4-isopropyltetralin 10224 Click to see CC1CCC(C2=C1C=CC(=C2)C)C(C)C 202.33 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
7,11-Dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6Z,10-dodecatriene 56936085 Click to see CCC(=C)CCC=C(C)CCC=C(C)C 206.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
alpha-Cubebene 442359 Click to see CC1CCC(C2C13C2C(=CC3)C)C(C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta Farnesene 15228937 Click to see CCC(=C)CCC=C(C)CCC=C(C)C 206.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta-Bourbonene 62566 Click to see CC(C)C1CCC2(C1C3C2CCC3=C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
beta-Cubebene 93081 Click to see CC1CCC(C2C13C2C(=C)CC3)C(C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Cadina-1(10),4-diene 10223 Click to see CC1=CC2C(CCC(=C2CC1)C)C(C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Caryophyllene 5281515 Click to see CC1=CCCC(=C)C2CC(C2CC1)(C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Copaene 19725 Click to see CC1=CCC2C3C1C2(CCC3C(C)C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
Humulene 5281520 Click to see CC1=CCC(C=CCC(=CCC1)C)(C)C 204.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Sesquiterpenoids / Aromadendrane sesquiterpenoids / 5,10-cycloaromadendrane sesquiterpenoids
(7aR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylidene-1a,2,3,4a,5,6,7a,7b-octahydrocyclopropa[h]azulen-7-ol 5321422 Click to see CC1(C2C1C3C(CCC3(C)O)C(=C)CC2)C 220.35 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Steroids and steroid derivatives / Estrane steroids / Estrogens and derivatives
Ethinyl Estradiol 5991 Click to see CC12CCC3C(C1CCC2(C#C)O)CCC4=C3C=CC(=C4)O 296.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Heteroaromatic compounds
2-Pentylfuran 19602 Click to see CCCCCC1=CC=CO1 138.21 unknown https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1991.9697985
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Lactones / Gamma butyrolactones
Marrubiin 73401 Click to see CC1CC2C3C(CCCC3(C1(CCC4=COC=C4)O)C)(C(=O)O2)C 332.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JEP.2011.08.041

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