Aframomum zambesiacum - Unknown
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Internal ID UUID643ff179982fc213835214
Scientific name Aframomum zambesiacum
Authority (Baker) K.Schum.
First published in Pflanzenr. IV (Heft 20):206

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Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Aframomum chlamydanthum Loes. & Mildbr. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10:706. (1929)
Aframomum keniense R.E.Fr. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8:665. (1924)
Amomum zambesiacum Baker Fl. trop. Afr. 309
Aframomum zambesiacum subsp. puberulum Lock Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 48:132. (1978)

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Name Authority First published in
Aframomum zambesiacum subsp. zambesiacum

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Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Africa
    • East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya
      • Tanzania
      • Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa
      • Malawi
    • West Tropical Africa
      • Nigeria
    • West-central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi
      • Cameroon
      • Gulf Of Guinea Islands
      • Rwanda
      • Zaïre

Links to other databases Top

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Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000338123
Tropicos 34500646
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:871903-1
The Plant List kew-218427
Open Tree Of Life 7588832
NCBI Taxonomy 2984636
IUCN Red List 117208516
IPNI 871903-1
GBIF 2758800
Freebase /m/064mqyz
EPPO AFRZA
EOL 1126994
Wikipedia Aframomum_zambesiacum
CMAUP NPO12005

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
In Silico Screening and Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Potential Anti-Malarial Agents from Zingiberaceae as Potential Plasmodium falciparum Lactate Dehydrogenase (PfLDH) Enzyme Inhibitors Heikal MF, Putra WE, Sustiprijatno, Rifa’i M, Hidayatullah A, Ningsih FN, Widiastuti D, Shuib AS, Zulfiani BF, Hanasepti AF Trop Life Sci Res 21-Jul-2023
PMCID:PMC10735256
doi:10.21315/tlsr2023.34.2.1
PMID:38144376
Important Medicinal and Food Taxa (Orders and Families) in Kenya, Based on Three Quantitative Approaches Mutie FM, Mbuni YM, Rono PC, Mkala EM, Nzei JM, Phumthum M, Hu GW, Wang QF Plants (Basel) 02-Mar-2023
PMCID:PMC10005506
doi:10.3390/plants12051145
PMID:36904005
A review of Cameroonian medicinal plants with potentials for the management of the COVID-19 pandemic Fongnzossie Fedoung E, Biwole AB, Nyangono Biyegue CF, Ngansop Tounkam M, Akono Ntonga P, Nguiamba VP, Essono DM, Forbi Funwi P, Tonga C, Nguenang GM, Kemeuze V, Sonwa DJ, Tsabang N, Bouelet IS, Tize Z, Boum AT, Momo Solefack MC, Betti JL, Nouga Bissoue A, Lehman LG, Mapongmetsem PM, Nneme Nneme L, Ngono Ngane RA, Ngogang Yonkeu J 26-Mar-2021
PMCID:PMC7994110
doi:10.1007/s13596-021-00567-6
Zingiber Officinale Roscoe and Echinops Kebericho Mesfin Showed Antiplasmodial Activities against Plasmodium Berghei in a Dose-dependent Manner in Ethiopia Biruksew A, Zeynudin A, Alemu Y, Golassa L, Yohannes M, Debella A, Urge G, De Spiegeleer B, Suleman S Ethiop J Health Sci 01-Sep-2018
PMCID:PMC6308778
doi:10.4314/ejhs.v28i5.17
PMID:30607081
Plant-derived antimicrobials to fight against multi-drug-resistant human pathogens Subramani R, Narayanasamy M, Feussner KD 3 Biotech 29-Jun-2017
PMCID:PMC5489455
doi:10.1007/s13205-017-0848-9
PMID:28660459
Cameroonian medicinal plants: a bioactivity versus ethnobotanical survey and chemotaxonomic classification Ntie-Kang F, Lifongo LL, Mbaze LM, Ekwelle N, Owono Owono LC, Megnassan E, Judson PN, Sippl W, Efange SM BMC Complement Altern Med 26-Jun-2013
PMCID:PMC3703288
doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-147
PMID:23802859
Cameroonian Medicinal Plants: Pharmacology and Derived Natural Products Kuete V, Efferth T Front Pharmacol 25-Oct-2010
PMCID:PMC3153003
doi:10.3389/fphar.2010.00123
PMID:21833168
Five labdane diterpenoids from the seeds of Aframomum zambesiacum. Kenmogne M, Prost E, Harakat D, Jacquier MJ, Frédérich M, Sondengam LB, Zèches M, Waffo-Téguo P Phytochemistry 01-Mar-2006
doi:10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
PMID:16321410

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
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Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Diterpenoids
(2E)-2-[2-[(1R,2S,4aS,8aR)-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]butanedial 162919910 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC=O)C=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(2S,3Z)-3-[2-[(1R,2S,4aS,8aS)-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]butane-1,2,4-triol 162951053 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CO)C(CO)O)CO3)C)C 338.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
2-[2-(5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)ethylidene]butanedial 73819354 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC=O)C=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
3-[2-(5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)ethylidene]butane-1,2,4-triol 73033373 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CO)C(CO)O)CO3)C)C 338.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
Aframodial 21668974 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC=O)C=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl (E)-4-[(1R,2S,4aR,6S,8aS)-6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]-2-[(2R)-oxiran-2-yl]but-2-enoate 163001085 Click to see CC1(C2CCC3(CO3)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)C 364.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl (E)-4-[(1R,2S,4aS,8aS)-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]-2-[(2S)-oxiran-2-yl]but-2-enoate 162926987 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)CO3)C)C 348.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl (E)-4-[(1R,2S,4R,4aR,6S,8aS)-4,6-dihydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]-2-[(2R)-oxiran-2-yl]but-2-enoate 163009583 Click to see CC1(C(CCC2(C1C(CC3(C2CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)CO3)O)C)O)C 380.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl (E)-4-[(1S,2S,4aS,6S,8aS)-6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]-2-[(2R)-oxiran-2-yl]but-2-enoate 163001081 Click to see CC1(C2CCC3(CO3)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)C 364.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl (E)-4-[(1S,4aR,6S,8aR)-6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethyl-2-methylidene-3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalen-1-yl]-2-[(2R)-oxiran-2-yl]but-2-enoate 163001565 Click to see CC1(C2CCC(=C)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C(C3CO3)C(=O)OC)C 348.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl 4-(4,6-dihydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)-2-(oxiran-2-yl)but-2-enoate 75069550 Click to see CC1(C(CCC2(C1C(CC3(C2CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)CO3)O)C)O)C 380.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl 4-(5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)-2-(oxiran-2-yl)but-2-enoate 73033415 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(C4CO4)C(=O)OC)CO3)C)C 348.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
methyl 4-(6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethyl-2-methylidene-3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalen-1-yl)-2-(oxiran-2-yl)but-2-enoate 73060403 Click to see CC1(C2CCC(=C)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C(C3CO3)C(=O)OC)C 348.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Sesquiterpenoids
(3S,6E)-Nerolidol 5281525 Click to see CC(=CCCC(=CCCC(C)(C=C)O)C)C 222.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
Nerolidol 8888 Click to see CC(=CCCC(=CCCC(C)(C=C)O)C)C 222.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Triterpenoids
(1R,2S,4S,5'R,6R,7S,8R,9S,12S,13S,15R,16R,18R)-5',7,9,13-tetramethylspiro[5-oxapentacyclo[10.8.0.02,9.04,8.013,18]icosane-6,2'-oxane]-15,16-diol 46865976 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CC(C(C6)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 432.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Chlorogenin 12303065 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CC(C6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)O)C)C)OC1 432.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Gitogenin 441887 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CC(C(C6)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 432.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Hecogenin 91453 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(C(=O)CC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)C)C)OC1 430.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Manogenin 10253011 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(C(=O)CC5C4CCC6C5(CC(C(C6)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 446.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Rockogenin 167555 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(C(CC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)O)C)C)OC1 432.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Sarsasapogenin 92095 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)C)C)OC1 416.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Smilagenin 91439 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)C)C)OC1 416.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Tigogenin 99516 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)O)C)C)C)OC1 416.60 unknown via CMAUP database
Yuccagenin 3083608 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CC=C6C5(CC(C(C6)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 430.60 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Steroids and steroid derivatives / Steroidal glycosides
Camassioside 101620741 Click to see CC(C)CC(=O)CC(C)C1C(CC2C1(CCC3C2C(C=C4C3(CCC(C4)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)C)O)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O 756.90 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Steroids and steroid derivatives / Steroidal glycosides / Steroidal saponins
(25R)-3beta-[4-O-[2-O-(3-O-beta-D-Xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-beta-D-galactopyranosyloxy]-5alpha-spirostane 21625854 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)OC9C(C(C(CO9)O)O)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)OC2C(C(C(CO2)O)O)O)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 1167.30 unknown via CMAUP database
(25R)-3beta-[4-O-[2-O-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-3-O-(4-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-D-xylopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-beta-D-galactopyranosyloxy]-5alpha-spirostan-2alpha-ol 71716476 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CC(C(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)OC9C(C(C(CO9)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)C)O)O)O)O)O)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 1197.30 unknown via CMAUP database
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(1R,2S,4S,5'R,6R,7S,8R,9S,12S,13S,16S,18R)-5',7,9,13-tetramethylspiro[5-oxapentacyclo[10.8.0.02,9.04,8.013,18]icosane-6,2'-oxane]-16-yl]oxy-5-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-4-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol 21603422 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)OC9C(C(C(C(O9)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 903.10 unknown via CMAUP database
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-[(1R,2S,4S,5'R,6R,7S,8R,9S,12S,13S,15S,16R,18R)-15-hydroxy-5',7,9,13-tetramethylspiro[5-oxapentacyclo[10.8.0.02,9.04,8.013,18]icosane-6,2'-oxane]-16-yl]oxyoxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol 10605143 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CC(C(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 756.90 unknown via CMAUP database
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-[(1R,2S,4S,5'R,6R,7S,8R,9S,12S,13S,16S,18R)-5',7,9,13-tetramethylspiro[5-oxapentacyclo[10.8.0.02,9.04,8.013,18]icosane-6,2'-oxane]-16-yl]oxyoxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol 21603426 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 740.90 unknown via CMAUP database
[(25R)-12-Oxo-5beta-spirostane-3beta-yl]2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside 101243911 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(C(=O)CC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 754.90 unknown via CMAUP database
[(25R)-12beta-Hydroxy-5beta-spirostane-3beta-yl]2-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside 101784690 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(C(CC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)O)C)C)OC1 756.90 unknown via CMAUP database
[(25R)-26-(beta-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-5beta-furosta-20(22)-ene-3beta-yl]2-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside 101784691 Click to see CC1=C(OC2C1C3(CCC4C(C3C2)CCC5C4(CCC(C5)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)C)C)CCC(C)COC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O 903.10 unknown via CMAUP database
12-Oxo-5beta-spirosta-25(27)-ene-3beta-yl 2-O,3-O-bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside 101784689 Click to see CC1C2C(CC3C2(C(=O)CC4C3CCC5C4(CCC(C5)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)OC19CCC(=C)CO9 915.00 unknown via CMAUP database
Smilagenin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->3)]-beta-D-galactopyranoside 21603424 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)OC9C(C(C(C(O9)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 903.10 unknown via CMAUP database
Smilagenin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-galactopyranoside 10628815 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 740.90 unknown via CMAUP database
Timosaponin A-III 15953793 Click to see CC1CCC2(C(C3C(O2)CC4C3(CCC5C4CCC6C5(CCC(C6)OC7C(C(C(C(O7)CO)O)O)OC8C(C(C(C(O8)CO)O)O)O)C)C)C)OC1 740.90 unknown via CMAUP database
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Steroids and steroid derivatives / Stigmastanes and derivatives
Beta-Sitosterol 222284 Click to see CCC(CCC(C)C1CCC2C1(CCC3C2CC=C4C3(CCC(C4)O)C)C)C(C)C 414.70 unknown via CMAUP database
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Alcohols and polyols / Secondary alcohols
(6aS,11aR,11bS)-7-hydroxy-4,4,11b-trimethyl-1,2,3,4a,5,6,7,8,11,11a-decahydrocyclohepta[a]naphthalene-6a,9-dicarbaldehyde 5317450 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC3O)C=O)C=O)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
7-Hydroxy-4,4,11b-trimethyl-1,2,3,4a,5,6,7,8,11,11a-decahydrocyclohepta[a]naphthalene-6a,9-dicarbaldehyde 14330184 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC3O)C=O)C=O)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
Galanal A 3050416 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC3O)C=O)C=O)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
Galanal B 3086504 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C(CC3O)C=O)C=O)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Lactones / Gamma butyrolactones
(3E,4S)-3-[2-[(1R,2R,4aR,6S,8aR)-6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]-4-hydroxyoxolan-2-one 162949477 Click to see CC1(C2CCC3(CO3)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)C 350.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(3E,4S)-3-[2-[(1R,2R,4R,4aR,6S,8aS)-4,6-dihydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]-4-hydroxyoxolan-2-one 162922963 Click to see CC1(C(CCC2(C1C(CC3(C2CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)CO3)O)C)O)C 366.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(3E,4S)-3-[2-[(1R,2S,4aR,6S,8aS)-6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]-4-hydroxyoxolan-2-one 162949476 Click to see CC1(C2CCC3(CO3)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)C 350.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(3E,4S)-3-[2-[(1R,2S,4R,4aR,6S,8aS)-4,6-dihydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]-4-hydroxyoxolan-2-one 163186069 Click to see CC1(C(CCC2(C1C(CC3(C2CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)CO3)O)C)O)C 366.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(3E)-3-[2-[(1R,2S,4aS,8aR)-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]oxolan-2-one 162877943 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C4CCOC4=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
(3E)-3-[2-[(1R,2S)-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl]ethylidene]oxolan-2-one 5317453 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C4CCOC4=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
3-[2-(4,6-dihydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)ethylidene]-4-hydroxyoxolan-2-one 73033528 Click to see CC1(C(CCC2(C1C(CC3(C2CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)CO3)O)C)O)C 366.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
3-[2-(5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)ethylidene]oxolan-2-one 56993665 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C4CCOC4=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
4-hydroxy-3-[2-(6-hydroxy-5,5,8a-trimethylspiro[3,4,4a,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene-2,2'-oxirane]-1-yl)ethylidene]oxolan-2-one 73071904 Click to see CC1(C2CCC3(CO3)C(C2(CCC1O)C)CC=C4C(COC4=O)O)C 350.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
Galanolactone 11141699 Click to see CC1(CCCC2(C1CCC3(C2CC=C4CCOC4=O)CO3)C)C 318.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / 2-arylbenzofuran flavonoids
(2'R,3R)-4-[2-[(2'R,3R)-2'-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-4',6,6'-trihydroxy-2-oxo-7-methoxyspiro[benzofuran-3(2H),3'(2'H)-benzofuran]-4-yl]ethenyl]-2'-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4',6,6'-trihydroxy-2-oxospiro[benzofuran-3(2H),3'(2'H)-benzofuran] 17757603 Click to see COC1=C(C=C(C2=C1OC(=O)C23C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C34)O)O)C5=CC=C(C=C5)O)C=CC6=C7C(=CC(=C6)O)OC(=O)C78C(OC9=CC(=CC(=C89)O)O)C1=CC=C(C=C1)O)O 810.70 unknown via CMAUP database
(2'R,3S)-4-[2-[(2'R,3S)-2'-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-4',6,6'-trihydroxy-2-oxo-7-methoxyspiro[benzofuran-3(2H),3'(2'H)-benzofuran]-4-yl]ethenyl]-2'-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4',6,6'-trihydroxy-2-oxospiro[benzofuran-3(2H),3'(2'H)-benzofuran] 17755939 Click to see COC1=C(C=C(C2=C1OC(=O)C23C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C34)O)O)C5=CC=C(C=C5)O)C=CC6=C7C(=CC(=C6)O)OC(=O)C78C(OC9=CC(=CC(=C89)O)O)C1=CC=C(C=C1)O)O 810.70 unknown via CMAUP database
Gloriosaol D 102380006 Click to see COC1=C(C=C(C2=C1OC(=O)C23C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C34)O)O)C5=CC=C(C=C5)O)C=CC6=C7C(=CC(=C6)O)OC(=O)C78C(OC9=CC(=CC(=C89)O)O)C1=CC=C(C=C1)O)O 810.70 unknown via CMAUP database
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Tannins / Hydrolyzable tannins
(Z)-1-[(8S,9R,10R)-3,9-dihydroxy-4,5,19-trimethoxy-10-methyl-15,17-dioxatetracyclo[10.7.0.02,7.014,18]nonadeca-1(19),2,4,6,12,14(18)-hexaen-8-yl]-2-methylbut-2-en-1-one 46883432 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)C1C(C(CC2=CC3=C(C(=C2C4=C(C(=C(C=C14)OC)OC)O)OC)OCO3)C)O 470.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PHYTOCHEM.2005.10.015

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