Alliaria petiolata - Unknown
Part: Unknown
Author: Public Domain - WikiMedia

Alliaria petiolata - Unknown
Part: Unknown
Author: Public Domain - WikiMedia

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Details Top

Internal ID UUID6440085ad1b59087484497
Scientific name Alliaria petiolata
Authority (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
First published in Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3: 418 (1913)

Description Top

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Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Sisymbrium truncatum Dulac Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées : 197 (1867)
Sisymbrion alliarium St.-Lag. Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 113 (1880)
Alliaria alliacea Britten & Rendle List Brit. Seed-Pl. Ferns : 3 (1907)
Alliaria alliaria Huth Helios xi. 132 (1893).
Alliaria fuchsii Rupr. Fl. Caucasi : 85 (1869)
Alliaria mathioli Rupr. Fl. Caucasi : 85 (1869)
Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex DC. Syst. Nat. [Candolle] 2: 489. 1821 [late May 1821]
Arabis alliaria Bernh. Syst. Verz. Erf. : 195 (1800)
Arabis petiolata M.Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 126 (1808)
Clypeola alliacea Crantz Cl. Crucif. Emend. : 91 (1769)
Crucifera alliaria (L.) E.H.L.Krause Deutschl. Fl. Abbild. , ed. 2, 6: 88 (1902)
Erysimum alliaceum Salisb. Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 270. 1796 [Nov-Dec 1796]
Erysimum alliaria L. Sp. Pl. : 660 (1753)
Erysimum cordifolium Pall. Tabl. Phys. Topogr. Taur. : 54 (1795)
Sisymbrium alliaceum E.Fourn. Recherches Anat. Taxon. Fam. Crucifer. 114, in syn. 1865
Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop. Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 2: 26. 1772
Hesperis alliaria Lam. Fl. Franç. 2: 503 (1779)

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English garlic mustard
English garlic root
English hedge garlic
English jack-by-the-hedge
English penny hedge
English poor man's mustard
English sauce-alone
Spanish ajera
Spanish aliaria
Spanish hierba ajera
Spanish hierba de ajo
Spanish hierba del ajo
Spanish hoja del gañán
Spanish yerba de ajo
Spanish yerba del ajo
Spanish yerba que huele a ajos
Spanish zancaraña
Spanish alliaria alliaria
Spanish alliaria officinalis
Spanish hoja del ganan
Spanish hoja del ganán
Spanish hoja del gañan
Spanish zancarana
Spanish erysimum alliaria
Arabic ثومية معنقة
Arabic سمارة ثومية
Belarusian Часночніца чаранковая
Belarusian Часночнік лекавы
Belarusian Часночніца лекавая
Bulgarian лъжичина
Catalan alliaire
Catalan herbe à ail
Czech česnáček lékařský
Welsh garlleg y berth
Welsh garllegog
Welsh jac-y-gwrych
Danish almindelig løgkarse
German knoblauchhederich
German knoblauchrauke
German knoblauchskraut
German knoblauchsrauke
German lauchhederich
German lauchkraut
German alliaire
German herbe à ail
Esperanto oficina aliario
Estonian salukõdrik
Basque baratxuri-belar
Persian گندنایی
Finnish litulaukka
Finnish rohtolitulaukka
French alliaire
French alliaire officinale
French herbe à ail
French alliaria officinalis
Irish bóchoinneal
gd gàirleach-callaid
Croatian Češnjevka
Croatian češnjarka, češnjača
Croatian ljekovita češnjača
Upper Sorbian kobołkowe zelo
Upper Sorbian prawy česnak
Upper Sorbian alliaria officinalis
Hungarian kányazsombor
Armenian Սխտորաբույս դեղատու
Italian allaria
Italian alliaria officinalis
Korean 마늘냉이
Cornish jakka a'n ke
lb bloderkraut
li look zonder look
li look zónder look
li look zoonder look
li look-zonder-look
li look-zónder-look
li look-zoonder-look
li louk zónger louk
li louk-zónger-louk
Lithuanian Česnakūnė
Lithuanian vaistinė česnakūnė
Lithuanian alliaire
Lithuanian herbe à ail
Norwegian Bokmål laukurt
Norwegian Bokmål løkurt
Dutch look zonder look
Dutch look-zonder-look
Dutch alliaria officinalis
Norwegian Nynorsk laukurt
oc alliaria oficinala
pcd iérpazo
pcd alliaria officinalis
Polish czosnaczek
Polish czosnaczek pospolity
Portuguese erva alheira
Portuguese erva-alheira
Portuguese lunaria biënnis
Russian Чесночник лекарственный
Russian Чесночница черешковая
Russian erysimum alliaria
Russian alliaria officinalis
Russian arabis petiolata
Russian sisymbrium alliaria
Russian Конский чеснок
Russian Чесночная трава
Russian Чесночник аптечный
Russian Чесночница черешчатая
Slovak cesnačka lekárska
Swedish löktrav
Swedish alliaire
Swedish herbe à ail
Turkish sarmısak otu
Ukrainian Кінський часник черешковий
Ukrainian alliaria officinalis
Walloon a des håyes
Chinese 葱芥

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Germination/Propagation Top

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No germination or propagation data was added yet.

Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Asia-temperate
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus
    • China
      • Tibet
      • Xinjiang
    • Eastern Asia
      • Korea
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan
      • Kirgizstan
      • Tadzhikistan
      • Turkmenistan
      • Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East
      • Primorye
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan
      • Cyprus
      • East Aegean Islands
      • Iran
      • Iraq
      • Lebanon-Syria
      • Palestine
      • Turkey
  • Asia-tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Nepal
      • Pakistan
      • West Himalaya
    • Indo-China
      • Myanmar
  • Europe
    • Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States
      • Belarus
      • Central European Russia
      • East European Russia
      • Krym
      • North European Russia
      • Northwest European Russia
      • South European Russia
      • Ukraine
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Germany
      • Hungary
      • Netherlands
      • Poland
      • Switzerland
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark
      • Finland
      • Great Britain
      • Ireland
      • Norway
      • Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania
      • Bulgaria
      • Greece
      • Italy
      • Romania
      • Sicilia
      • Turkey-in-Europe
      • Yugoslavia
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Corse
      • France
      • Portugal
      • Spain
  • Northern America
    • Eastern Canada
      • Newfoundland
      • Ontario
    • North-central U.S.A.
      • Illinois
      • Iowa
      • Kansas
      • Minnesota
      • Missouri
      • Nebraska
      • Oklahoma
      • South Dakota
      • Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut
      • Indiana
      • Maine
      • Massachusetts
      • Michigan
      • New Hampshire
      • New Jersey
      • New York
      • Ohio
      • Pennsylvania
      • Rhode Island
      • Vermont
      • West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado
      • Idaho
      • Montana
      • Oregon
      • Washington
      • Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama
      • Delaware
      • District Of Columbia
      • Kentucky
      • Maryland
      • North Carolina
      • Tennessee
      • Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Utah
    • Western Canada
      • British Columbia

Links to other databases Top

Suggest others/fix!
Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000526081
UNII 762KJ0804U
Flora of Alabama 1200
Canadensys 3873
USDA Plants ALPE4
Tropicos 4100299
INPN 81295
Flora of Italy 1329
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:1176324-2
The Plant List kew-2628680
PFAF Alliaria petiolata
Open Tree Of Life 440662
Observations.org 6347
NCBI Taxonomy 126270
NBN Atlas NHMSYS0000455754
Nature Serve 2.127936
IPNI 1176324-2
iNaturalist 56061
GBIF 5376075
Freebase /m/02jwt2
WisFlora 2477
FEIS plants/forb/allpet
EPPO ALAPE
EOL 596346
Elurikkus 2642
Calflora (Californian flora) 13039
US Library of Congress sh2007020039
USDA GRIN 2210
Wikipedia Alliaria_petiolata

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

Below is displayed the reference genome only!
If you wish to browse all genomes for this plant click here.
Accession Assembly
Name Level Submitter Released Coverage Size
GCA_020283515.1 Apet_EFCC3-3-20v4 Scaffold GGMFS 2021-10-05 68.0x 1.00 Gb

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Wild Edible Plants Used in Dalmatian Zagora (Croatia) Ninčević Runjić T, Jug-Dujaković M, Runjić M, Łuczaj Ł Plants (Basel) 11-Apr-2024
PMCID:PMC11053949
doi:10.3390/plants13081079
PMID:38674488
Differences in growth and competition between plants of a naturalized and an invasive population of Bunias orientalis Binama B, Caroline M Ecol Evol 18-Mar-2024
PMCID:PMC10948592
doi:10.1002/ece3.11153
PMID:38505180
Research progress on Brassicaceae plants: a bibliometrics analysis Zhou R, Qin X, Hou J, Liu Y Front Plant Sci 31-Jan-2024
PMCID:PMC10864531
doi:10.3389/fpls.2024.1285050
PMID:38357268
Cardiac glycosides protect wormseed wallflower (Erysimum cheiranthoides) against some, but not all, glucosinolate-adapted herbivores Younkin GC, Alani ML, Capador AP, Fischer HD, Mirzaei M, Hastings AP, Agrawal AA, Jander G bioRxiv 21-Nov-2023
PMCID:PMC10542140
doi:10.1101/2023.09.19.558517
PMID:37790475
Topographic depressions can provide climate and resource microrefugia for biodiversity Frei K, Vojtkó A, Farkas T, Erdős L, Barta K, E-Vojtkó A, Tölgyesi C, Bátori Z iScience 21-Oct-2023
PMCID:PMC10656275
doi:10.1016/j.isci.2023.108202
PMID:38026156
Bridging the gap: how to adopt opportunistic plant observations for phenology monitoring Katal N, Rzanny M, Mäder P, Römermann C, Wittich HC, Boho D, Musavi T, Wäldchen J Front Plant Sci 04-Oct-2023
PMCID:PMC10582721
doi:10.3389/fpls.2023.1150956
PMID:37860262
The most polyphagous insect herbivore? Host plant associations of the Meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) Thompson V, Harkin C, Stewart AJ PLoS One 04-Oct-2023
PMCID:PMC10602594
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0291734
PMID:37792900
Effects of extracts from various parts of invasive Solidago species on the germination and growth of native grassland plant species Perera PC, Chmielowiec C, Szymura TH, Szymura M PeerJ 28-Jul-2023
PMCID:PMC10389070
doi:10.7717/peerj.15676
PMID:37529210
Immunomodulating Phytochemicals: An Insight Into Their Potential Use in Cytokine Storm Situations Alarabei AA, Abd Aziz NA, AB Razak NI, Abas R, Bahari H, Abdullah MA, Hussain MK, Abdul Majid AM, Basir R Adv Pharm Bull 19-Jul-2023
PMCID:PMC10997936
doi:10.34172/apb.2024.001
PMID:38585461
Determinants of interspecific variation in season length of perennial herbs Koubek T, Mašková T, Herben T Ann Bot 03-Jul-2023
PMCID:PMC10583191
doi:10.1093/aob/mcad088
PMID:37398990
Strategies for the Management of Aggressive Invasive Plant Species Lorenzo P, Morais MC Plants (Basel) 28-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10346621
doi:10.3390/plants12132482
PMID:37447043
How ecological and evolutionary theory expanded the ‘ideal weed’ concept Lau JA, Funk JL Oecologia 20-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10684629
doi:10.1007/s00442-023-05397-8
PMID:37340279
Phytochemicals as Antimicrobials: Prospecting Himalayan Medicinal Plants as Source of Alternate Medicine to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance Ashraf MV, Pant S, Khan MA, Shah AA, Siddiqui S, Jeridi M, Alhamdi HW, Ahmad S Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 15-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10302623
doi:10.3390/ph16060881
PMID:37375828
Distribution, Effect, and Control of Exotic Plants in Republic of Korea Lim BS, Seok JE, Lim CH, Kim GS, Shin HC, Lee CS Biology (Basel) 06-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10294914
doi:10.3390/biology12060826
PMID:37372111
A demographic approach for predicting population responses to multifactorial stressors Zettlemoyer MA AoB Plants 02-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10243908
doi:10.1093/aobpla/plad023
PMID:37288426

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
You can also contribute to this by clicking here.
Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Fatty Acyls / Fatty acyl glycosides / Fatty acyl glycosides of mono- and disaccharides
(Z)-5-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxypent-2-enenitrile 162994407 Click to see C(COC1C(C(C(C(O1)CO)O)O)O)C=CC#N 259.26 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
4-[3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxybut-2-enenitrile 85167669 Click to see C(C=CC#N)OC1C(C(C(C(O1)CO)O)O)O 245.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
5-[3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxypent-2-enenitrile 162994406 Click to see C(COC1C(C(C(C(O1)CO)O)O)O)C=CC#N 259.26 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
Alliarinoside 10582490 Click to see C(C=CC#N)OC1C(C(C(C(O1)CO)O)O)O 245.23 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
> Organic oxygen compounds / Organooxygen compounds / Carbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates / Glucosinolates / Alkylglucosinolates
{[(E)-(2-phenyl-1-{[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]sulfanyl}ethylidene)amino]oxy}sulfonic acid 9573945 Click to see C1=CC=C(C=C1)CC(=NOS(=O)(=O)O)SC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 409.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(87)90106-2
Glucotropaeolin 9548605 Click to see C1=CC=C(C=C1)CC(=NOS(=O)(=O)O)SC2C(C(C(C(O2)CO)O)O)O 409.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(87)90106-2
> Organosulfur compounds / Isothiocyanates
Allyl isothiocyanate 5971 Click to see C=CCN=C=S 99.16 unknown https://doi.org/10.1002/JLAC.18440520103
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids and derivatives / Coumaric acids and derivatives
Feruloylcholine 131751314 Click to see C[N+](C)(C)CCOC(=O)C=CC1=CC(=C(C=C1)O)OC 280.34 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80093-X
Sinapine 5280385 Click to see C[N+](C)(C)CCOC(=O)C=CC1=CC(=C(C(=C1)OC)O)OC 310.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80093-X
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Cinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids and derivatives / Hydroxycinnamic acids
Sinapinic acid 637775 Click to see COC1=CC(=CC(=C1O)OC)C=CC(=O)O 224.21 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80093-X
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid C-glycosides
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-6-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]chromen-4-one 6426860 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
2''-O-beta-D-glucosylisoscoparin 72193659 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)O)O 624.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
5,7-Dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-6-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]chromen-4-one 74977462 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)COC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 594.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00740-1
https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
6-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-4',5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone 369636 Click to see COC1=C(C(=C2C(=C1)OC(=CC2=O)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O 446.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
Isoorientin 114776 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
Isoscoparin 2''-O-glucoside 74977689 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)O)O 624.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
Isovitexin 6''-glucoside 10603568 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=CC(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)COC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 594.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00740-1
https://doi.org/10.1021/NP000534D
Leucanthoside 3556303 Click to see COC1=C(C(=C2C(=C1)OC(=CC2=O)C3=CC(=C(C=C3)O)O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O 462.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
Swertiajaponin 442659 Click to see COC1=C(C(=C2C(=C1)OC(=CC2=O)C3=CC(=C(C=C3)O)O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O 462.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41
Swertisin 124034 Click to see COC1=C(C(=C2C(=C1)OC(=CC2=O)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O 446.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000033926.72396.41

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