Alternanthera pungens - Unknown
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Internal ID UUID644008a1eb35b810533936
Scientific name Alternanthera pungens
Authority Kunth
First published in Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 206 (1818)

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Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Telanthera pungens Moq. Prodr. 13(2): 371 (1849)
Achyranthes leiantha (Seub.) Standl. J. Washington Acad. Sci. 5: 73 (1915)
Achyranthes lorentzii Standl. J. Washington Acad. Sci. 5: 74 (1915)
Achyranthes mucronata Lam. Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] 1(2): 547. 1785 [1 Aug 1785]
Achyranthes nivea Link Phys. Beschr. Canar. Ins. [Buch] 141. 1825 [post 28 May 1825]
Achyranthes obovata Pav. ex Moq. Prodr. 13(2): 359 (1849)
Achyranthes radicans Cav. in Anal. Hist. Nat. Madr. iii. (1801) 27.
Achyranthes repens L. Sp. Pl. : 205 (1753)
Alternanthera achyrantha R.Br. ex Sweet Hort. Suburb. Lond. : 48 (1818)
Alternanthera achyrantha var. echinata (Sm.) Maiden Agric. Gaz. New South Wales 21: 1001 (1910)
Alternanthera achyrantha var. leiantha Seub. Fl. Bras. 5(1): 183 (1875)
Alternanthera ciliata Poepp. ex Seub. Fl. Bras. 5(1): 183 (1875)
Alternanthera echinata Sm. Cycl. 39(1): n.º 10 (1818)
Alternanthera leiantha (Seub.) Alain Contr. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Colegio De La Salle 9: 1 (1950).
Alternanthera lorentzii Uline Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 1: 421 (1899)
Alternanthera procumbens Rojas Acosta Cat. Hist. Nat. Corrientes 79 (1897).
Alternanthera pungens var. leiantha (Seub. ex Mart.) Suess. Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 4: 103 (1952)
Alternanthera pungens var. monocephala (O.Bolòs & A.Marcos) O.Bolòs & Vigo Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38: 89 (1974)
Alternanthera pungens f. pauciflora Suess. Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 68 (1950)
Alternanthera repens (L.) Link Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 154. 1821 [16 Mar-30 Jun 1821]
Alternanthera repens f. monocephala Bolus & Marcos
Alternanthera thomensis Gand. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 223 (1919)
Bucholzia spinescens Gillies ex Moq. Prodr. 13(2): 359 (1849)
Celosia echinata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Roem. & Schult. Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 5: 531 (1819)
Desmochaeta sordida Bunbury Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 109 (1841)
Guilleminea procumbens Rojas Acosta Cat. Hist. Nat. Corrientes : 176 (1897)
Illecebrum achyrantha L. Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 299. 1762 [Sep 1762]
Pityranthus crassifolius Mart. Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 5: 179 (1817)
Illecebrum pungens Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1: 820 (1824)
Alternanthera achyrantha var. pungens (Kunth) Suess.
Pupalia sordida Moq. Prodr. 13(2): 333 (1849)

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English khakiweed
English paronychia achyrantha
English achyranthes obovata pav. ex moq.
English illecebrum obliquum
English illecebrum sinense
English steiremis repens
English chaff flower
English khaki weed
dag gotaba
Kannada ಮಿರ್ಜಾ ಮುಳ್ಳು
Malayalam മുൾപ്പൊന്നാങ്കണ്ണി
Swedish stickalternant
Tamil முள்ளுக்கண்ணி
Chinese 空心莲子草
Chinese 刺花莲子草
Chinese 刺花蓮子草

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Germination/Propagation Top

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Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Africa
    • East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya
      • Tanzania
      • Uganda
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension
      • Saint Helena
    • Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad
      • Eritrea
      • Ethiopia
      • Somalia
      • Sudan
    • Northern Africa
      • Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa
      • Angola
      • Malawi
      • Mozambique
      • Zambia
      • Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa
      • Botswana
      • Free State
      • Kwazulu-Natal
      • Namibia
      • Northern Provinces
      • Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa
      • Benin
      • Burkina
      • Ghana
      • Guinea
      • Ivory Coast
      • Mali
      • Mauritania
      • Niger
      • Nigeria
      • Senegal
      • Togo
    • West-central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi
      • Cameroon
      • Central African Republic
      • Congo
      • Gabon
      • Gulf Of Guinea Islands
      • Rwanda
      • Zaïre
    • Western Indian Ocean
      • Aldabra
      • Comoros
      • Mauritius
      • Réunion
  • Asia-temperate
    • Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States
      • Oman
      • Saudi Arabia
      • Yemen
    • China
      • China South-central
      • China Southeast
    • Western Asia
      • Palestine
  • Asia-tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam
      • Bangladesh
      • East Himalaya
      • India
      • Nepal
      • Pakistan
      • Sri Lanka
      • West Himalaya
    • Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands
      • Laos
      • Myanmar
      • Thailand
      • Vietnam
    • Malesia
      • Christmas Island
      • Jawa
  • Australasia
    • Australia
      • New South Wales
      • Northern Territory
      • Queensland
      • South Australia
      • Victoria
      • Western Australia
    • New Zealand
      • New Zealand North
  • Northern America
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Central
      • Mexico Gulf
      • Mexico Northeast
      • Mexico Northwest
      • Mexico Southeast
      • Mexico Southwest
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • New York
    • South-central U.S.A.
      • Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama
      • Florida
      • Louisiana
      • Maryland
  • Pacific
    • North-central Pacific
      • Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia
  • Southern America
    • Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast
      • Brazil South
      • Brazil Southeast
      • Brazil West-central
    • Caribbean
      • Cuba
      • Dominican Republic
      • Haiti
      • Jamaica
      • Leeward Islands
      • Puerto Rico
      • Trinidad-Tobago
    • Northern South America
      • Venezuela
    • Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast
      • Argentina Northwest
      • Paraguay
      • Uruguay
    • Western South America
      • Bolivia
      • Colombia
      • Ecuador
      • Peru

Links to other databases Top

Suggest others/fix!
Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000528787
Florida Plant Atlas 1711
Flora of Alabama 272
Tropicos 1100414
INPN 670887
Flora of Italy 552
The Plant List kew-2631391
Open Tree Of Life 151506 140324
NCBI Taxonomy 240021
NBN Atlas NBNSYS0200001724
Nature Serve 2.136730
IPNI 327342-2
iNaturalist 158231
GBIF 3084949
Freebase /m/0_yn8hd
Elurikkus 365161
USDA GRIN 316546
Wikipedia Alternanthera_pungens

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Ethnobotanical study of traditional medicinal plants used by the local Gamo people in Boreda Abaya District, Gamo Zone, southern Ethiopia Zemede J, Mekuria T, Ochieng CO, Onjalalaina GE, Hu GW J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 28-Feb-2024
Phytochemical Study and In Vitro Biological Activities of Hibiscus panduriformis Burm. f. (Malvaceae), Alternanthera pungens Kunth (Amaranthaceae), and Wissadula rostrata (Schumach.) Hook. f. (Malvaceae) Rainatou B, Esther BK, Boukaré K, Souleymane C, Moumouni K, Noufou O Biomed Res Int 22-Dec-2023
Spatial distribution of the four invasive plants and their impact on natural communities’ dynamics across the arid and semi-arid environments in northwest Pakistan Khan N, Ullah R, Okla MK, Abdel-Maksoud MA, Saleh IA, Abu-Harirah HA, AlRamadneh TN, AbdElgawad H Front Plant Sci 25-Aug-2023
Important Medicinal and Food Taxa (Orders and Families) in Kenya, Based on Three Quantitative Approaches Mutie FM, Mbuni YM, Rono PC, Mkala EM, Nzei JM, Phumthum M, Hu GW, Wang QF Plants (Basel) 02-Mar-2023
Detecting macroevolutionary genotype–phenotype associations using error-corrected rates of protein convergence Fukushima K, Pollock DD Nat Ecol Evol 05-Jan-2023
Medicinal Plants from Latin America with Wound Healing Activity: Ethnomedicine, Phytochemistry, Preclinical and Clinical Studies—A Review Salazar-Gómez A, Alonso-Castro AJ Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 31-Aug-2022
The Genus Alternanthera: Phytochemical and Ethnopharmacological Perspectives Singla RK, Dhir V, Madaan R, Kumar D, Singh Bola S, Bansal M, Kumar S, Dubey AK, Singla S, Shen B Front Pharmacol 11-Apr-2022
Salient Findings on Host Range, Resistance Screening, and Molecular Studies on Sterility Mosaic Disease of Pigeonpea Induced by Pigeonpea sterility mosaic viruses (PPSMV-I and PPSMV-II) Sayiprathap BR, Patibanda AK, Prasanna Kumari V, Jayalalitha K, Ramappa HK, Rajeswari E, Karthiba L, Saratbabu K, Sharma M, Sudini HK Front Microbiol 01-Apr-2022
Ethnobotanical inventory and medicinal perspectives of herbal flora of Shiwalik mountainous range of District Bhimber, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan Ishtiaq M, Khanum H, Hussain I, Parveen A, Maqbool M, Thind S, Hussain T, Azeem M, Shabir F, Elansary HO PLoS One 29-Mar-2022
Floristic composition of Jandaf Mountain as biodiversity hotspot area in southwestern Saudi Arabia Al-Namazi AA, Algarni SM, Wan JS, Al Mosallam MS, Alotaibi F Saudi J Biol Sci 05-Mar-2022
Nanotechnology in the Restoration of Polluted Soil Rajput VD, Minkina T, Upadhyay SK, Kumari A, Ranjan A, Mandzhieva S, Sushkova S, Singh RK, Verma KK Nanomaterials (Basel) 24-Feb-2022
Water availability, bedrock, disturbance by herbivores, and climate determine plant diversity in South-African savanna Hejda M, Čuda J, Pyšková K, Zambatis G, Foxcroft LC, MacFadyen S, Storch D, Tropek R, Pyšek P Sci Rep 10-Jan-2022
OpenWeedLocator (OWL): an open-source, low-cost device for fallow weed detection Coleman G, Salter W, Walsh M Sci Rep 07-Jan-2022
An ethnobotanical study of wetland flora of Head Maralla Punjab Pakistan Iqbal MS, Ahmad KS, Ali MA, Akbar M, Mehmood A, Nawaz F, Hussain SA, Arshad N, Munir S, Arshad H, Shahbaz K, Bussmann RW PLoS One 14-Oct-2021
A Review on Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Headache in Africa Frimpong EK, Asong JA, Aremu AO Plants (Basel) 28-Sep-2021

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
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Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Lipids and lipid-like molecules / Prenol lipids / Terpene glycosides / Triterpene glycosides / Triterpene saponins
(1R,4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10R,11R,12aR,14bS)-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-5-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-11-hydroxy-1,6a,6b,9,9,12a-hexamethyl-2-methylidene-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 101035467 Click to see CC1C2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CCC1=C)C(=O)O)C)(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(CO7)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)OC9C(C(C(C(O9)C)O)O)O)O)C)C 1043.20 unknown
(1R,4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10R,11R,12aR,14bS)-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-11-hydroxy-1,6a,6b,9,9,12a-hexamethyl-2-methylidene-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 101035470 Click to see CC1C2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CCC1=C)C(=O)O)C)(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(CO7)O)O)O)O)O)C)C 764.90 unknown
(1R,4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10R,11R,12aR,14bS)-11-hydroxy-10-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-5-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-1,6a,6b,9,9,12a-hexamethyl-2-methylidene-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 101035469 Click to see CC1C2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CCC1=C)C(=O)O)C)(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(CO7)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)O)O)C)C 897.10 unknown
10-[3-[4,5-Dihydroxy-3-(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl)oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-5-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-(3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl)oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-11-hydroxy-1,6a,6b,9,9,12a-hexamethyl-2-methylidene-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 162946683 Click to see CC1C2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CCC1=C)C(=O)O)C)(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(CO7)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)OC9C(C(C(C(O9)C)O)O)O)O)C)C 1043.20 unknown
10-[3-[4,5-Dihydroxy-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-5-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-(3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl)oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-11-hydroxy-1,6a,6b,9,9,12a-hexamethyl-2-methylidene-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid 162849444 Click to see CC1C2C3=CCC4C(C3(CCC2(CCC1=C)C(=O)O)C)(CCC5C4(CC(C(C5(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)OC7C(C(C(CO7)O)O)O)OC8C(C(C(CO8)O)O)OC9C(C(C(C(O9)CO)O)O)O)O)C)C 1059.20 unknown

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