Salvinia natans - Unknown
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Internal ID UUID64404cc0779e1540628535
Scientific name Salvinia natans
Authority (L.) All.
First published in Fl. Pedem. 2: 289 (1785)

Description Top

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In South America, S. natans is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

Salvinia natans, also known as floating fern, floating watermoss, floating moss, or water butterfly wings, is an annual aquatic fern found in standing fresh water with plenty of sunlight and humid air. It is commonly found in Africa, Asia, central Europe, and South America, but has also been introduced to New York State and Massachusetts. The plant has two nickel-sized leaves that float on the surface of the water and a third submerged leaf that acts as a root. The leaves have air pouches and cuticular papillae to help with flotation and protect them from decay. S. natans can reproduce through spore cases and can cover entire ponds or lakes, disrupting the growth of other underwater plants. It is native to several continents, including Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America.

Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Trichomanes villosulum Wall. Numer. List : n.° 163 (1829)
Marsilea patens J.F.Gmel. Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis] 2(2): 1322 (1792)
Marsilea salvinioides Neck. Acta Theod. pal. phys. 3: 297, t.21. 1775
Salvinia europaea Desv. Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6(2): 177 (1827)
Salvinia sprengelii Corda Monogr. Rhizosp. 10, t.2, f.12-23. 1829
Salvinia verticillata Roxb. Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 469 (1844)
Salvinia vulgaris Rupr. Distr. Cr. Vasc. Ross. 27. 1845
Marsilea natans L. Sp. Pl. : 1099 (1753)

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
English water butterfly wings
English floating fern
English floating watermoss
English floating moss
Arabic سالفينيا سابحة
Belarusian Сальвінія плывучая
Bulgarian плаваща лейка
Czech nepukalka vzplývající
German gewöhnlicher schwimmfarn
German schwimmfarn
German gemeiner schwimmfarn
Persian سالوینیا ناتاس
Finnish kellussaniainen
French salvinie aquatique
French salvinie nageante
Hungarian vízi rucaöröm
Armenian Ծովոսպ լողացող
Japanese サンショウモ
Kazakh Жүзгіш сальвиния
Korean 생이가래
Lithuanian plūduriuojančioji plūstis
Macedonian пловечка водена папрат
Macedonian обична водена папрат
Dutch kleine vlotvaren
Polish salwinia pływająca
Romanian peștișoară
Russian Сальвиния плавающая
Slovenian plavajoči plavček
Serbian Непачка
Swedish simbräken
Ukrainian Сальвінія плаваюча
Uzbek suzuvchi salviniya
Chinese 槐葉蘋
Chinese 槐叶蘋
Chinese 槐叶苹
Chinese 娱蚣萍

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Germination/Propagation Top

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No germination or propagation data was added yet.

Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Asia-temperate
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus
    • China
      • China North-central
      • China South-central
      • China Southeast
      • Hainan
      • Inner Mongolia
      • Manchuria
      • Qinghai
      • Tibet
      • Xinjiang
    • Eastern Asia
      • Japan
      • Korea
      • Nansei-shoto
      • Taiwan
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan
      • Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East
      • Amur
      • Khabarovsk
      • Primorye
    • Siberia
      • Altay
      • West Siberia
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan
      • Iran
      • Iraq
      • Lebanon-Syria
      • Palestine
      • Turkey
  • Asia-tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam
      • Bangladesh
      • East Himalaya
      • India
      • Nepal
      • Pakistan
      • West Himalaya
    • Indo-China
      • South China Sea
      • Thailand
      • Vietnam
    • Malesia
      • Jawa
  • Europe
    • Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States
      • Belarus
      • East European Russia
      • Krym
      • Northwest European Russia
      • Ukraine
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Germany
      • Hungary
      • Netherlands
      • Poland
      • Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Bulgaria
      • Greece
      • Italy
      • Romania
      • Turkey-in-Europe
      • Yugoslavia
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France
      • Spain

Links to other databases Top

Suggest others/fix!
Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0001117304
USDA Plants SANA5
Tropicos 26612122
INPN 120709
Flora of Italy 142
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:17219920-1
The Plant List tro-26612122
Missouri Botanical Garden 285999
PaleoBotany 1153
Open Tree Of Life 759053
Observations.org 7404
NCBI Taxonomy 42333
NBN Atlas NBNSYS0000163310
Nature Serve 2.791832
IUCN Red List 163996
IPNI 17219920-1
iNaturalist 168405
IFPNI A2F4B76C-79F4-4DDD-BE87-39DD5A5E65AE
GBIF 5274858
Freebase /m/0gmfqml
EPPO SAVNA
EOL 595218
Elurikkus 497807
USDA GRIN 102982
Wikipedia Salvinia_natans

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Essential oil composition, morphological characterization, phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Iranian populations of Hymenocrater longiflorus Benth. (Lamiaceae) Fattahpour B, Fattahi M, Hassani A Sci Rep 27-Mar-2024
PMCID:PMC10973450
doi:10.1038/s41598-024-57826-0
PMID:38538705
Life-history of Palaeoloxodon antiquus reveals Middle Pleistocene glacial refugium in the Megalopolis basin, Greece Roditi E, Bocherens H, Konidaris GE, Athanassiou A, Tourloukis V, Karkanas P, Panagopoulou E, Harvati K Sci Rep 16-Jan-2024
PMCID:PMC10791645
doi:10.1038/s41598-024-51592-9
PMID:38228659
Transport of Nanoparticles into Plants and Their Detection Methods Sembada AA, Lenggoro IW Nanomaterials (Basel) 05-Jan-2024
PMCID:PMC10819755
doi:10.3390/nano14020131
PMID:38251096
Effects of Different Forms and Proportions of Nitrogen on the Growth, Photosynthetic Characteristics, and Carbon and Nitrogen Metabolism in Tomato Sun J, Jin L, Li R, Meng X, Jin N, Wang S, Xu Z, Liu Z, Lyu J, Yu J Plants (Basel) 15-Dec-2023
PMCID:PMC10748299
doi:10.3390/plants12244175
PMID:38140502
γ-Aminobutyric Acid Priming Alleviates Acid-Aluminum Toxicity to Creeping Bentgrass by Regulating Metabolic Homeostasis Zhou M, Yuan Y, Lin J, Lin L, Zhou J, Li Z Int J Mol Sci 20-Sep-2023
PMCID:PMC10532299
doi:10.3390/ijms241814309
PMID:37762612
Beyond taxonomic diversity patterns – investigating how α and β components of macrophyte functional diversity respond to environmental gradients in lotic ecosystems of Greece Stefanidis K, Oikonomou A, Dimitrellos G, Tsoukalas D, Papastergiadou E Front Plant Sci 08-Sep-2023
PMCID:PMC10514920
doi:10.3389/fpls.2023.1204383
PMID:37746009
Farmyard manure, a potential organic additive to reclaim copper and Macrophomina phaseolina stress responses in mash bean plants Akhtar S, Shoaib A, Javiad I, Qaisar U, Tasadduq R Sci Rep 01-Sep-2023
PMCID:PMC10474152
doi:10.1038/s41598-023-41509-3
PMID:37658111
Identifying and Managing Areas under Threat in the Iberian Peninsula: An Invasion Risk Atlas for Non-Native Aquatic Plant Species as a Potential Tool Rodríguez-Merino A Plants (Basel) 26-Aug-2023
PMCID:PMC10490461
doi:10.3390/plants12173069
PMID:37687316
Impact of Low Lithium Concentrations on the Fatty Acids and Elemental Composition of Salvinia natans Török AI, Moldovan A, Senila L, Kovacs E, Resz MA, Senila M, Cadar O, Tanaselia C, Levei EA Molecules 11-Jul-2023
PMCID:PMC10385638
doi:10.3390/molecules28145347
PMID:37513220
Removal of mercury from water by phytoremediation process with Salvinia natans(L.) All. Sitarska M, Traczewska T, Hołtra A, Zamorska-Wojdyła D, Filarowska W, Hanus-Lorenz B Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 30-Jun-2023
PMCID:PMC10404195
doi:10.1007/s11356-023-27533-w
PMID:37389751
The Alien Plant Species Impact in Rice Crops in Northwestern Italy Vagge I, Chiaffarelli G Plants (Basel) 17-May-2023
PMCID:PMC10223007
doi:10.3390/plants12102012
PMID:37653929
Chironomidae in shallow water bodies of a protected lowland freshwater floodplain ecosystem Čerba D, Vlaičević B, Davidović RA, Koh M, Ergović V, Turković Čakalić I Sci Prog 17-May-2023
PMCID:PMC10358707
doi:10.1177/00368504231172653
PMID:37198903
Nanomaterials: a review of emerging contaminants with potential health or environmental impact El-Kalliny AS, Abdel-Wahed MS, El-Zahhar AA, Hamza IA, Gad-Allah TA Discov Nano 21-Apr-2023
PMCID:PMC10409958
doi:10.1186/s11671-023-03787-8
PMID:37382722
Phytotoxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles and multi-walled carbon nanotubes, alone or in combination, on Arabidopsis thaliana and their mutual effects on oxidative homeostasis Yang S, Yin R, Wang C, Yang Y, Wang J PLoS One 15-Feb-2023
PMCID:PMC9931106
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0281756
PMID:36791126
Growth of water hyacinth biomass and its impact on the floristic composition of aquatic plants in a wetland ecosystem of the Brahmaputra floodplain of Assam, India Lahon D, Sahariah D, Debnath J, Nath N, Meraj G, Farooq M, Kanga S, Singh SK, Chand K PeerJ 03-Feb-2023
PMCID:PMC9901310
doi:10.7717/peerj.14811
PMID:36755867

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