Alkanna orientalis - Unknown
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Internal ID UUID64400854da076532486827
Scientific name Alkanna orientalis
Authority Boiss.
First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 46 (1844)

Description Top

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Synonyms Top

Scientific name Authority First published in
Lycopsis mollis Vis. Atti Riunione Sci. Ital. 1: 179 (1840)
Lithospermum orientale L. Syst. Nat. ed. 12 , 2: 145 (1767)
Alkanna orientalis var. hellenica Boiss. Fl. Orient. 4: 228 1875
Anchusa orientalis L. Sp. Pl. : 133 (1753)
Baphorhiza orientalis (L.) Font Quer & Rothm. Brotéria, Sér. Trimestr. 9: 150 (1940)
Camptocarpus orientalis K.Koch Linnaea 17(3): 304. 1844 [prob. Jan 1844]

Common names Top

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Language Common/alternative name
Arabic كحلاء مشرقية
Arabic لبيد
Azerbaijani Şərq alkannası
Armenian Հավաջիվա
Polish alkanna wschodnia

Subspecies (abbr. subsp./ssp.) Top

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Name Authority First published in
Alkanna orientalis subsp. integrifolia (Post) P.Mouterde ex Charpin & Greuter Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 3(1): 3 (1978)

Varieties (abbr. var.) Top

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Name Authority First published in
Alkanna orientalis var. leucantha (Bornm.) Hub.-Mor. Fl. Turkey 6: 420 (1978)

Subvarieties (abbr. subvar.) Top

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Forms (abbr. f.) Top

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Germination/Propagation Top

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Distribution (via POWO/KEW) Top

Legend for the distribution data:
- Doubtful data
- Extinct
- Introduced
- Native
  • Asia-temperate
    • Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia
      • Yemen
    • Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus
    • Western Asia
      • East Aegean Islands
      • Iran
      • Lebanon-Syria
      • Palestine
      • Sinai
      • Turkey

Links to other databases Top

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Database ID/link to page
World Flora Online wfo-0000525919
Tropicos 4002102
KEW urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:112726-1
The Plant List kew-2628512
Open Tree Of Life 1046412
Observations.org 136749
NCBI Taxonomy 543563
IPNI 112726-1
iNaturalist 210412
GBIF 7295030
EPPO AKNOR
EOL 5357127
Elurikkus 584281
USDA GRIN 466893

Genomes (via NCBI) Top

No reference genome is available on NCBI yet. We are constantly monitoring for new data.

Scientific Literature Top

Below are displayed the latest 15 articles published in PMC (PubMed Central®) and other sources (DOI number only)!
If you wish to see all the related articles click here.
Title Authors Publication Released IDs
Investigation of phytochemicals isolated from selected Saudi medicinal plants as natural inhibitors of SARS CoV-2 main protease: In vitro, molecular docking and simulation analysis Alharbi YT, Abdel-Mageed WM, Basudan OA, Mothana RA, Tabish Rehman M, ElGamal AA, Alqahtani AS, Fantoukh OI, AlAjmi MF Saudi Pharm J 08-Mar-2024
PMCID:PMC10973196
doi:10.1016/j.jsps.2024.102023
PMID:38550333
Phytochemical Profiling and Biological Assessment of the Aerial Parts from Three Mediterranean Alkanna Species (A. orientalis, A. tinctoria, A. kotschyana) in the Boraginaceae Family Ganos C, Zengin G, Chinou I, Aligiannis N, Graikou K Plants (Basel) 17-Jan-2024
PMCID:PMC10818510
doi:10.3390/plants13020278
PMID:38256831
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi impact the production of alkannin/shikonin and their derivatives in Alkanna tinctoria Tausch. grown in semi-hydroponic and pot cultivation systems Zhao Y, Cartabia A, Garcés-Ruiz M, Herent MF, Quetin-Leclercq J, Ortiz S, Declerck S, Lalaymia I Front Microbiol 10-Aug-2023
PMCID:PMC10447974
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2023.1216029
PMID:37637105
The Role of Lichens, Mosses, and Vascular Plants in the Biodeterioration of Historic Buildings: A Review Cozzolino A, Adamo P, Bonanomi G, Motti R Plants (Basel) 08-Dec-2022
PMCID:PMC9781475
doi:10.3390/plants11243429
PMID:36559541
Antibiotic Potentiators Against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria: Discovery, Development, and Clinical Relevance Chawla M, Verma J, Gupta R, Das B Front Microbiol 01-Jul-2022
PMCID:PMC9284026
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2022.887251
PMID:35847117
Screening of Bioactive Metabolites and Biological Activities of Calli, Shoots, and Seedlings of Mertensia maritima (L.) Gray Song K, Sivanesan I, Ak G, Zengin G, Cziáky Z, Jekő J, Rengasamy KR, Lee ON, Kim DH Plants (Basel) 12-Nov-2020
PMCID:PMC7697918
doi:10.3390/plants9111551
PMID:33198181
Plant-Based Phytochemicals as Possible Alternative to Antibiotics in Combating Bacterial Drug Resistance AlSheikh HM, Sultan I, Kumar V, Rather IA, Al-Sheikh H, Tasleem Jan A, Haq QM Antibiotics (Basel) 04-Aug-2020
PMCID:PMC7460449
doi:10.3390/antibiotics9080480
PMID:32759771
A review on ethno-medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ullah R, Alqahtani AS, Noman OM, Alqahtani AM, Ibenmoussa S, Bourhia M Saudi J Biol Sci 20-Jun-2020
PMCID:PMC7499296
doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.06.020
PMID:32994730
Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Aziziye District (Erzurum, Turkey) KARAKAYA S, POLAT A, AKSAKAL Ö, SÜMBÜLLÜ YZ, İNCEKARA Ü Turk J Pharm Sci 24-Apr-2020
PMCID:PMC7227921
doi:10.4274/tjps.galenos.2019.24392
PMID:32454782
Celtic Provenance in Traditional Herbal Medicine of Medieval Wales and Classical Antiquity Wagner C, De Gezelle J, Komarnytsky S Front Pharmacol 28-Feb-2020
PMCID:PMC7058801
doi:10.3389/fphar.2020.00105
PMID:32184721
Plant-derived secondary metabolites as the main source of efflux pump inhibitors and methods for identification Seukep AJ, Kuete V, Nahar L, Sarker SD, Guo M J Pharm Anal 05-Nov-2019
PMCID:PMC7474127
doi:10.1016/j.jpha.2019.11.002
PMID:32923005
Ecology of endangered Prunus korshinskyi Hand.-Mazz. in Jabal Al-Lauz, Saudi Arabia: Plant associations, size structure, and nutritional screening Al-Shehri MA, El-Sheikh MA, Al-Farhan AH, Arif IA, Rajakrishnan R, Alatar AA, Faisal M, Basahi RA, Al-Abbadi GA Saudi J Biol Sci 15-Jun-2019
PMCID:PMC6933210
doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2019.06.011
PMID:31889829
Inhibiting Bacterial Drug Efflux Pumps via Phyto-Therapeutics to Combat Threatening Antimicrobial Resistance Shriram V, Khare T, Bhagwat R, Shukla R, Kumar V Front Microbiol 10-Dec-2018
PMCID:PMC6295477
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.02990
PMID:30619113
The signalling game between plants and pollinators Sun S, Leshowitz MI, Rychtář J Sci Rep 27-Apr-2018
PMCID:PMC5923245
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24779-0
PMID:29703897
New Roads Leading to Old Destinations: Efflux Pumps as Targets to Reverse Multidrug Resistance in Bacteria Spengler G, Kincses A, Gajdács M, Amaral L Molecules 15-Mar-2017
PMCID:PMC6155429
doi:10.3390/molecules22030468
PMID:28294992

Phytochemical Profile Top

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Below are displayed the proven (via scientific papers) natural compounds!
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Name PubChem ID Canonical SMILES MW Found in Proof
> Alkaloids and derivatives
[(1R,8R)-7-[[(Z)-3-hydroxyprop-2-enoyl]oxymethyl]-2,3,5,8-tetrahydro-1H-pyrrolizin-1-yl] (E)-2-methylbut-2-enoate 163071287 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)COC(=O)C=CO 307.34 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
[(7R,8R)-7-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H-pyrrolizin-1-yl]methyl (E)-2-methylbut-2-enoate 14313398 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)O 237.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
7-Angelylretronecine 6440943 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)CO 237.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)85007-4
7-Senecioylretronecine 15286357 Click to see CC(=CC(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)CO)C 237.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
9-Angeloylretronecine 638872 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)O 237.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)85007-4
9-Senecioylretronecine 15765645 Click to see CC(=CC(=O)OCC1=CCN2C1C(CC2)O)C 237.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
Dihydroxytriangularine 91747359 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)COC(=O)C(CO)(C(C)O)O 369.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
Triangularicine 91747005 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)COC(=O)C(=CC)CO 335.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
Triangularine 5281755 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(=CC2)COC(=O)C(=CC)CO 335.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Pyrrolizidines
7-Angeloyl-9-(2,3-dihydroxy propanoyl) retronecine 6429060 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(CC2)COC(=O)C(CO)O 327.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
7-Angeloyl-9-(hydroxypropenoyl) retronecine 6429061 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(CC2)COC(=O)C(=C)O 309.36 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
7-Tigloyl-9-(2,3-dihydroxy propanoyl) retronecine 6429062 Click to see CC=C(C)C(=O)OC1CCN2C1C(CC2)COC(=O)C(CO)O 327.37 unknown https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00028-3
> Organoheterocyclic compounds / Quinolines and derivatives / Aminoquinolines and derivatives / 4-aminoquinolines
(+)-Chloroquine 639540 Click to see CCN(CC)CCCC(C)NC1=C2C=CC(=CC2=NC=C1)Cl 319.90 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
Chloroquine 2719 Click to see CCN(CC)CCCC(C)NC1=C2C=CC(=CC2=NC=C1)Cl 319.90 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavones / Flavonols
Kaempferol 5280863 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)O)O 286.24 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides / Flavonoid-3-O-glycosides
2-(3,4-Dihydroxy-phenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-chromen-4-one 5353915 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OC2=C(OC3=CC(=CC(=C3C2=O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxychromen-4-one 51402807 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 464.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxychromen-4-one 125528541 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OCC2C(C(C(C(O2)OC3=C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C4C3=O)O)O)C5=CC(=C(C=C5)O)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 610.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-[(2S,3S,4R,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxychromen-4-one 26339717 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OC2=C(OC3=CC(=CC(=C3C2=O)O)O)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxychromen-4-one 154497089 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OCC2C(C(C(C(O2)OC3=C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C4C3=O)O)O)C5=CC=C(C=C5)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 594.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
Astragalin 5282102 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
Kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside 5318767 Click to see CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OCC2C(C(C(C(O2)OC3=C(OC4=CC(=CC(=C4C3=O)O)O)C5=CC=C(C=C5)O)O)O)O)O)O)O 594.50 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
Quercetin 3-alloside 12304327 Click to see C1=CC(=C(C=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O 464.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / Flavonoid glycosides / Flavonoid O-glycosides / Flavonoid-7-O-glycosides
5-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methoxy-6-methyl-7-[(3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxychromen-4-one 163030200 Click to see CC1=C(C=C2C(=C1O)C(=O)C(=C(O2)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)OC)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O 476.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
kaempferol 7-O-glucoside 10095180 Click to see C1=CC(=CC=C1C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O)O)O 448.40 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / O-methylated flavonoids / 3-O-methylated flavonoids
5,7,4'-Trihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methylflavone 44259653 Click to see CC1=C(C2=C(C=C1O)OC(=C(C2=O)OC)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O 314.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1021/NP50044A034
Isokaempferide 5280862 Click to see COC1=C(OC2=CC(=CC(=C2C1=O)O)O)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O 300.26 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / O-methylated flavonoids / 4-O-methylated flavonoids
Ermanin 5352001 Click to see COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(C=C(C=C3O2)O)O)OC 314.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / O-methylated flavonoids / 6-O-methylated flavonoids
4',5,7-Trihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone 5352032 Click to see COC1=C(C2=C(C=C1O)OC(=C(C2=O)OC)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O 330.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
Jaceidin 5464461 Click to see COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C2=C(C(=O)C3=C(O2)C=C(C(=C3O)OC)O)OC)O 360.30 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
> Phenylpropanoids and polyketides / Flavonoids / O-methylated flavonoids / 7-O-methylated flavonoids
Jaranol 5318869 Click to see COC1=CC(=C2C(=C1)OC(=C(C2=O)OC)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O 314.29 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713
Penduletin 5320462 Click to see COC1=C(C(=C2C(=C1)OC(=C(C2=O)OC)C3=CC=C(C=C3)O)O)OC 344.30 unknown https://doi.org/10.1055/S-2006-957713

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